Treat Dry and Rough Skin

Edited by Geraldin Carniyan, Maureen D., Robbi, Eng and 1 other

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Dry skin is the lack of moisture in the skin. This happens when the skin's outer (stratum corneum) layer loses water. This layer of the skin has a very important role of protecting the inner layers so when it starts losing water, we start experiencing itchiness and flaking. It doesn't only look unattractive but it also makes your skin prone to irritations. While some people experience this only during very cold or very hot weather, there are some who have been suffering from dry skin for a long time and would need long term treatment for it. Dry skin is indeed frustrating, but the good news is you can do something about it.

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So in other words, dry skin is a result of dehydration or lack of water in the body. Drinking a lot of water and other fluids like fruit juices can help re-hydrate and lessen the drying of skin. Avoiding washing your face with hot water could help in retaining it's moisture. The best remedy for dry skin is moisturizing.

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Causes of dry skin

Before you can treat dry skin, you must first know the possible reason for why it occurs and the possible outcomes of not being able to address it. The following is the list of dry skin's causes.

  1. 1
    Winter weather.
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    Since humidity level is low during the winter season, water evaporates faster and the natural moisture on the skin is stripped off by the wind. This results in the skin being flaky and feeling tight. Even people who do not normally have dry skin experience this dilemma during the winter season.
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  2. 2
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    The sudden change of temperature also dries out the skin. We normally experience his when we use heating systems or heaters at home after being exposed in a cold winter weather. Heaters also tend to dehydrate skin since they produce hot dry air.
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  3. 3
    Harsh skin products.
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    Excessive washing of hands or face can cause the skin's natural oils and lipid to be washed off. There are also some beauty products that have ingredients that could be harmful to the skin. Some of these ingredients are sodium lauryl sulphate, diethanolamine, (DEA) monoethanolamine, (MEA) triethanolamin (TEA) and FD&C color pigment.
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  4. 4
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    As we age, natural changes occur on our skin. The epidermis, which is the surface layer of the skin, becomes thin, resulting in the skin being more fragile and unprotected from harmful elements. Our skin also loses its ability to lock in moisture as we age; hence we become more prone to dry skin.
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  5. 5
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    There are some medications that may cause dry skin. When you are given a prescription by your doctor, ask him about the side effects so you can use extra moisturizers if your medicines can cause dry skin. Acne medications may also be too strong for your delicate skin, causing it to dry out.
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  6. 6
    Skin conditions.
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    If you have long term skin problems like eczema or psoriasis, it is best to consult your dermatologist to combat these skin illness and prevent further complications.
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How to prevent dry skin?

  1. 1
    No hot baths.
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    While a hot bath feels so relaxing, it strips off the body's natural oil and moisture causing it to feel itchy and tight. Instead of using hot water in your bath, use warm water instead and do not stay under the shower for too long.
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  2. 2
    Skip harsh soaps and scrubs.
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    These harsh products may smell so nice on the skin, but it may have ingredients that take away the skin's moisture. Body scrubs also take away skin's moisture, making it really dry right after you use it. You can use oatmeal as an alternative, since it is known for its moisturizing power for the skin. If you can't skip soaps, be picky about it and choose the ones that contain milks and moisturizers.
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  3. 3
    Pat dry, don't rub.
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    Towels should be used to pat the skin dry and not to rub it. This may cause not only itching and dryness but also irritations to sensitive skin.
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  4. 4
    Use moisturizers.
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    This is very important because it plays the role of locking in moisture on your skin. Pick the right moisturizers for your skin. Some of them may be too greasy, so it is recommended that you use them during the evening when going to bed and use the less greasy ones during the day.
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  5. 5
    Read the label.
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    When buying any cosmetics or beauty products, check the label and make sure that you avoid products with harsh chemical ingredients in them, such as those that were mentioned above. It is still best to use products that are naturally made to prevent irritations.
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Exfoliating naturally

As we learned, using products that contain harsh chemicals can make the skin even worse instead of helping it. Here is a very helpful way of exfoliating your skin naturally using oatmeal so you can take away that dry and flaky skin.

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  1. 1
    What you need:
    1. 1/4 cup of oatmeal
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    2. 1/4 cup of brown sugar
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    3. 2 tbsp. of honey (or more if you desire)
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    4. 5-8 tbsp. of olive oil or your favorite beauty oil (or more if you desire)
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    5. A bowl
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  • 2
    1. Pour the brown sugar into the bowl.
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      Brown sugar is a good exfoliate that helps take away dark spots and dry skin, making your skin clear.
    2. Add the oatmeal.
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      Oatmeal is most known for it's ability to moisturize the skin, treat acne and remove dead skin cells.
    3. Next, pour the honey.
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      Honey helps add moisture to the skin and maintain the skin's elasticity helping it stay firm.
    4. Now, add the olive oil.
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      This oil is rich in vitamin E, which is very much known for making the skin smooth and glowing. This ingredient will melt the oatmeal.
    5. Mix the ingredients all together.
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      Make sure all the dry ingredients are well coated with the oil and honey. You can add more oil or honey if you want it to be more diluted.
    6. You now have a homemade oatmeal scrub that can treat the dryness of your skin.
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      You can put this in a glass jar and make sure that it is tightly covered. This amount of the product can be used two or three times.
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  • Facial masks to help moisturize dry skin

    1. 1
      Poppy seeds. Soak them overnight and grind with enough milk to make a paste. Use it as a facial mask to re-hydrate the dry skin on the face.
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    2. 2
      Mix a teaspoon of milk cream and a pinch of turmeric with 5 drops of olive oil to form a paste and apply on face. Leave it for 15 minutes, then rinse off after.
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    Banana and honey facial mask

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    1. 1
      Mash a couple of banana with a fork.
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    2. 2
      Drizzle it with a few drops of honey when mashed.
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    3. 3
      Mix them well and apply on the face evenly.
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    4. 4
      Massage the mask on the face for 10 minutes and leave to dry.
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    5. 5
      Rinse the natural mask off with lukewarm water.
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    • Avoid alcohol and caffeine laden beverages if you have dry skin, as they worsen the condition.
    • Having a humidifier at home will help improve dry skin a lot.
    • Switch to natural soap as those soaps with harsh chemicals only aggravate the condition.
    • Drink lots of water and fruit juices to re-hydrate dry skin.
    • Eat heaps of fruits and vegetables as they help in making skin glow and hydrated.

    If you have problems with any of the steps in this article, please ask a question for more help, or post in the comments section below.


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    Article Info

    Categories : Noindexed pages | Skin Care & Diseases

    Recent edits by: Eng, Robbi, Maureen D.

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