Propagate Roses Using Organic Materials as Root Hormone Which Everyone Has In Their Cupboards: Cinnamon and Potatoes

Edited by Maria Quinney, Charmed, Lynn, Rich and 13 others

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The best time to propagate roses is Spring, generally in May and early June. The light is sufficient and warm but not scorching. Roses enjoy humid temperate environments and require both to achieve successful propagation. Creating new roses from cuttings is quite simple. In fact the materials in this tutorial are within your kitchen.

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What does propagate mean?

Propagation basically means to reproduce. Within the gardening and plant sphere, propagation can be accomplished through plant cuttings, root division, grafting, and natural reproductive means.

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Why is propagating necessary or useful?

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Propagation is an excellent way to continue developing stronger plants. Eventually your best rose will die of natural processes. Propagating cutting from the rose before it dies allows you to continue the best roses without insect pollination, fertilization, or growing from seed. Propagation can be faster than growing from seed. Growing from your own bushes and trees also saves money on purchasing new roses or seeds.

Propagate Roses Using Potatoes and Cinnamon

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Potatoes are the perfect environment for propagating roses. The potato provides moisture consistently allowing the roots to grow in an ideal environment. When the potato eventually rots, it acts as a fertilizer. Subsequently, roses grow up strong and brightly colored. The cinnamon is a natural anti-bacterial agent that prevents root rot from growing in the constant moisture. Be sure not to skip this step.


  1. 1
    Cut about 8 to 9 inches of new growth from an existing rose bush
    Remove the stem at a 45-degree angle. You can also do this with a long stem rose from the flower market. Remove any spent blooms, leaves, or rose hips, which are also known as rose haws or yeps, and are the seed pods containing the fruit of the rose.
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  2. 2
    Dip your newly cut stem in cinnamon
    Cinnamon contains antibacterial properties which will protect your stem during the rooting process from fungi and decay.
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  3. 3
    Take a potato and remove any "eyes" from the potato skin
    Cut the potato in half and bore out a hole to put your rose stem in. You can do this with a drill, by hand with a Phillips head screwdriver, or a knife. The potato will give your rose stem moisture and nutrients necessary to begin rooting. The potato also provides stability once placed in the ground. When the potato begins to decompose it acts as a fertilizer too.
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  4. 4
    Plant the potato with rose, cutting about 4 inches into the ground or pot with moist sand or soil
    Place your rose cuttings in a spot that is not within full, all-day sun, but rather a section of "bright" shade. Planting on the north side of a house will give the roses soft morning sun. Cover your new rose cutting with a glass jar. Quart size mayonnaise and sauce jars work best at keeping the rose cutting in a moist and humid environment for better propagation. Water to keep the soil moist, but do not soak the soil. Rooted roses will be ready to transplant in about two months using this method. If propagating roses indoors during the winter, place your cutting within indirect sunlight.
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Can you grow roots in water?

  • Finding research materials for growing rose cuttings in water is very rare. Have you heard the story of a flower arrangement of roses from different bushes in a vase of water, wherein after about several days, most of the roses were withered? But in this scenario, three stems of roses seemed to stand out because they were still green. They came from the prosperity species of rose. This type of rose bush seems to be very resilient when grown in water.
  • Sometimes, it is a miracle if a cutting or two of a bunch of roses you placed in a vase of water seem to develop roots. It is almost expected that flowers in a water vase usually last the longest, and after several days they wither. How much longer they last if they develop roots -- that's really amazing! This means that those cuttings which developed roots have a special resiliency in water. But then, do not push your luck. Transfer these cuttings with baby roots into potting soil as soon as possible. And keep them wet!
  • There are many factors to take into consideration when propagating rose cuttings. The factors include season of the year, rooting medium, using rooting hormones (or not), slicing the stem at the bottom (or not), misting or placing them in a bag or bottle, sunlight or shade, and even the type of rose itself. And also the varieties of roses that grow well in your region. There are more than 10,000 varieties of roses.
  • Almost always, the role of water in rose growing is this: Before planting the cuttings in soil, there is the ceremony wherein the cutting is soaked in a bucket of water laced with root hormones of your choice (as well as the recommended measurement of the root hormone). You can even use organic hormones like willow water (created by chopping up willow twigs and soaking them overnight in water). Depending on your rose growing philosophy, you could do this for several minutes or a few hours before planting into soil.
  • Also, watering the cuttings and the soil around it regularly is very important, especially in hot climates. Do not let the soil around the cuttings dry out or it will be catastrophic for your cuttings.
  • The roses that seem to root most easily are miniatures and ramblers. Hybrid teas and floribundas are a bit more challenging to root, but you might be surprised at your rate of success!
  • The three biggest factors in real estate are said to be "location, location, and location." These are important factors for roses as well, but the three most important elements in growing good roses are "water, water, and water."

Tips Tricks & Warnings

  • When transplanting your roses, put a cup of Epsom salt, half cup of sugar, and a few egg shells inside the hole.
  • Cover your new transplants at the base with mulched leaves or wood chips for winter protection.
  • Fertilize sparingly, but water thoroughly once planted. Spritzing the leaves with a mixture of water and Epsom salt will help if your leaves are yellowing.

Questions and Answers

Should Epsom salt be used for propagation by cuttings?

Yes, epsom salt should be used for propagation by cuttings. Epsom salt is known to have magnesium and sulfur contents that are beneficial to the rooting of cuttings.

But it should be used in moderation because it might also cause the cutting to rot before it can develop roots. One pinch of epsom salt can be added to the water that is used with the cutting.

It is also important to know the pH of the soil because if the soil is acidic, epsom salt will not be good to the plant because of its sulfur content. This will make the soil more acidic.

Can you recommend a fast growth hormone for a rose tree?

The trick is to prune it early and fertilize it. There are a lot of growth hormones for plants in the market (natural and chemical types). It is best to ask shop keepers which brand or type will work perfectly for your type of rose tree.

What organic rooting hormones from kitchen materials can be used?

Cinnamon is a very well known as a root hormone. You basically just have to sprinkle cinnamon into a hole in your pot and then insert the stem of the rose. Also, sprinkling cinnamon onto the soil at least every other day and then watering it will help your rose absorb it, promoting growth.

Do hormones soak into material?

In your question you are asking about hormones soaking into materials but I don't fully understanding what you are asking. If you have liquid hormones,they will soak into materials just as any other liquid would.

How to root a long stem rose that already has new growth?

You can do the following:

  1. 1
    Dig into the soil a small hole using a barbecue stick.
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  2. 2
    Put into the hole some hormone powder
    About a half teaspoon should be enough.
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  3. 3
    Cut about an inch from the lower stem of your long stem rose and then insert the stem onto the hole
    Make sure more than 3 inches of the stem is inserted, especially the part where there is a new growth.
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  4. 4
    Sprinkle the rose cuttings with a bit of water on a regular basis.
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Why isn't my rose blooming? It looks healthy and it's growing a lot of new leaves, but it hasn't flowered for about 3 months?

It's a climbing rose - Pierre de Ronsad. It used to bloom well, but since it grew those big canes I haven't seen a single bloom.

Check if there are suckers that prevent roses from blooming. These are in the form of canes that stem out of the root stock. What they basically do is pull all the energy from the plant and although the plant looks healthy, when this pulling of energy happens, there won't be any rose blossoms.

How to Use organic hormones to propagate rose cuttings?

Please explain the materials used with proportions and condition to speed up the roots so they come quickly.

What you'd like to do is spread out the hormones in different parts of the soil as compared to just putting it in one place. This ensures that wherever the root decides to grow to, it will still be able to get nourished by the hormones.

The amount of hormones should be somewhere around 10% as compared to the total volume of the soil. This is a good proportion.

Make sure that the soil is a bit damp when you are applying the hormones. This allows for it to spread through the entire soil.

I cut roses and placed a potato without using hormone solution will that work or no?

This is my first time trying rose cuttings.

The answer is yes, rose cuttings can be propagated by simply sticking them into potatoes, even without using a rooting hormone. The rationales are:

  1. 1
    Potatoes contain nutrients and provide a moisture environment necessary to promote the growth of healthy root in rose cuttings.
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  2. 2
    Rose cuttings contain auxin which is a natural root-promoting hormone found mostly in roses
    This means you can root almost any variety of rose, even without using commercially made rooting hormones.
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Commercially made rooting hormones, on the other hand, contain synthetic auxin in a form of indolebutyric acid or naphthaleneacetic acid.

In general, you can effectively root and propagate rose cuttings by simply sticking them directly in potatoes, even without using commercially made rooting hormones. As mentioned, this is because roses contain the natural rooting hormone auxin.

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Was interested in enhancing cotton crop yield?

While searching, I came across rooting hormones. My area of concern is cotton yield increase. Do you have any tips?

If you use organic materials as a hormone, it will benefit your overall cotton crop yield, as long as you are using the right amounts. However, increasing yield is much more complicated than simply using hormones to enhance it. There are particular techniques you need to use in order to increase the yield, such as proper handling and proper spacing of crops.

I wasn't sure how to root my roses?

Do I put the rose root in the potato with the glass over it, put the potato in a pot right away, or put the potato and rose in the ground right away to root?

You have to put the rose in the ground right away in order to establish a good foundation for the plant to root. The glass over your rose may help when the plant starts to grow out, and will also protect it.

About the jar over the rose cutting. Should it have a hole cut in the bottom (which is not on top of the cutting)?

If I use a plastic jar, should it have a hole cut in the top to let in a bit of air, or not cut at all, to keep it humid. The picture uses a glass jar, which I obviously can't cut a hole in, but I'm not sure which is best? Also, should the hole in the potato go just down 2 inches (enough for a stem to be placed into), or should it be drilled right through to cut out the other side of the potato to let new roots out if they come? Or is this not necessary, and it can new roots grow inside and through the solid damp potato?

For the first few days, it will help if you let the entire jar be humid and closed. This will help retain moisture in the surroundings of the rose cutting. You will not keep it this way for long, but it will help at the beginning because you want the evaporation levels to be low.

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Will let you know if mine grow.

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Hi, I am moving house and wish to take my rose bush with me. It is spring now and I would like to either dig it up and, or propagate it, I am not sure which?

Should I dig it up? And how should I go about doing this? The house and garden are to be knocked down.

It's important to root prune your rose before you move. Ideally this should be done at least three months in advance. Root pruning is done by taking a sharp shovel or spade, and pushing it into the ground at a slight angle around the rose. This should be done at the root line (12-18 inches). That will cause the rose to regrow feeder roots in the new area, which will help support it when you later dig it up.

The best time to root prune is spring or fall, you should be fine to root prune now. If you don't have time to root prune before you move, you can still move your rose - just dig a little farther out around it.

You might also consider hiring a professional if it's a particularly old rose, or a long established antique rose, as they will require extra care both for the removal, and the resultant transplanting. In most cases an established greenhouse in your area can provide recommendations for someone to assist with this.

I want to know ideas about how to grow a flower plant in my terrace garden?

In my garden I always try to grow pants which bear flowers .but they don't grow properly unlike non-flowered plants..even if they do they die in few how can I grow these plants and make them last for longer time?

There are several reasons for plants not thriving like not enough sunlight, too much or too little water, and not enough room in the pot. Keep in mind that flowering plants do not usually consistently bloom but have stages of growth. Flowering plants can take two to three years to mature unlike a sweet potato vine which will flourish in just a few months, a flowering plant needs more time usually to look full and flourished. Use fertilizers that contain more phosphorus and make sure that you are not in an area where pollination is an issue.

Can I propagate walnut and pistachio in the same way using Cinnamon and potato?

Can I propagate walnut and pistachio in the same way using Cinnamon and potato

Walnut need stratification to grow from seed. Open the husk of the nut and add the nut to a glass of water, viable nuts for planting will sink to the bottom of the glass. If it is fall, plant the nuts 1 to 2 inches in the ground and let Mother Nature do the stratification. Mix cinnamon in the soil before planting and as you see the root system develop you can add more cinnamon. Otherwise you can use your refrigerator. Take a wet paper towel and wrap up the nut. This method requires 120 days and you will need to periodically check to make sure the paper towel is slightly damp. Plant outdoors or indoors in sunny location, preferably a greenhouse.

I'm doing a science fair experiment comparing honey and cinnamon as rooting aids that will protect the cuttings. I need to write my prospectus but I can't find any studies previously done in this area of study. So I was wondering if you have any info on other studies and which do you think will work better cinnamon or honey?

I'm doing a science fair experiment comparing honey and cinnamon as rooting aids that will protect the cuttings. I need to write my prospectus but I can't find any studies previously done in this area of study. So I was wondering if you have any info on other studies and which do you think will work better cinnamon or honey? Both cinnamon and honey have anti-fungal properties to protect the roots from rot as they grow. At this time, I am unaware of any published studies but rather several generations of my family using this method for propagating roses. Making a honey rooting hormone is best for when you are propagating in water. The ratio is two cups of water to one tablespoon of honey and store in a dark container out of the light. So if you are trying to root a vine cutting in water this would be a great rooting hormone agent. I also, for instance, keep my fresh basil and other cut herbs in water in my kitchen and use this honey rooting hormone.

See more questions like this: How does cinnamon work as a rooting hormone for propagating roses

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How to add rooting hormone after sticking the cutting into soil?

I have planted rose cuttings directly into the potting soil without rooting hormone... they are showing some sprouts...Will it grow? Or how can I add rooting hormone at this stage to save them? All the questions describe adding rooting hormone in the first step... I have tried: I directly placed the cuttings in the soil and daily watering them.... Some of them sprouted but the cuttings went black after few days of new growth... I think it was caused by: No idea... May be moisture control .... Or wrong timing....

If the cutting has gone black, it is probably not going to recover. You can try adding some root hormone if there is any green left and cut off the black, before repotting. Do not get discouraged because many root cuttings fail and it is more trial than success.

If you have problems with any of the steps in this article, please ask a question for more help, or post in the comments section below.


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