Home Made Oresol Solution

Edited by aianne b., Charmed, Lynn, Rich and 17 others


Fluids and electrolytes are important components of the body. Losing fluids and electrolytes may cause weakness, illness, or even death. Thus, having balance in fluids and electrolytes is important to the body. It is important to replace lost fluids and electrolytes when you have diarrhea or, other illnesses that cause rapid fluid loss. Although an Oresol solution is available at every pharmacy, many people do not have quick or easy access. Therefore, it is helpful to know how to make it at home, so that you can administer it more quickly when necessary. Follow the instructions below to learn how to make a homemade oresol solution, and it might even save a life.

This wiki is not intended to replace medical care. Please consult a doctor before using this homemade ORS (oral rehydration solution)

How does Oresol Help

Salt naturally passes into the intestinal cavity through bodily fluids. It is then absorbed by the intestines as food is processed. Diarrhea forces material to pass quickly through the intestines, and this speed prevents salt from being absorbed. The oresol solution introduces salt back into the body, which prevents further damage from dehydration. Our bodies use sugar to assist with the intestinal absorption of salt. The proper level of salt and sugar is critical, as too much of one or the other will draw water out of cells and muscles into the stomach, which is then flushed by the diarrhea, and causes more dehydration. Soft drinks or caffeinated beverages are not recommended to drink when a patient is dehydrated, due to the excessive levels of salt and sugar.

Popular Over-the-Counter Brands for adults and children

Pedialyte is an oral solution, which is similar in content to homemade oresol. Suero Oral, Ricelyte, and other regional variations of oral re-hydration solutions are available over-the-counter at drug and super markets. Pedialyte is traditionally a children's brand, but many athletes, workers, and sick adults also use it to treat exhaustion, dehydration, and gastroenteritis.

Alternative for Oresol

During emergencies and oresol is not available, you can mix 1 tsp salt, 8 tsp sugar, 1 liter water,

Oresol dosage amounts

  1. 1
    Children under the age of 2
    1. 1/4 to ½ a cup per dosage
    2. Up to 2 Cups daily
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  2. 2
    Children between ages 2 - 9 years old
    1. 1/2 to 1 cup per dosage
    2. Up to 4 ¼ cups daily
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  3. 3
    People ages 10 and up  
    1. Unlimited per dosage
    2. Up to 8 ½ cups daily
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Oresol for children

Oresol has helped many children all over the world, especially in countries where expensive medications are not readily available. If a child suffers from diarrhea, his or her body needs oral rehydration to replenish those lost electrolytes. Oresol mixed with water should be prepared and consumed immediately, but can be stored for 24 hours if refrigerated. If it is not refrigerated, it should be thrown away. Refrigerated oresol solution should not be boiled. For children under 2 years old: He or she needs ¼ to ½ glassful of oresol for every loose bowel movement. For older children: He or she needs ½ glass to 1 glassful of oresol for every loose bowel movement.

Oresol for baby

It is not advised that home made oresol be given to your baby. One small mistake in the composition of the ingredients can be harmful to your baby. It is thus important that you always have in your home ready over-the-counter oresol such as pedialyte to counter temporarily the diarrhea or dehydration which your baby will be suffering from. Do not waste time (after giving pharmacy bought oresol to your baby). Bring your baby to the nearest clinic or hospital where he can be given proper medical care. Most probably, he will be administered intravenous fluid therapy. Contact your baby's pediatrician right away or find a baby doctor immediately. Generally, dehydration in babies is caused by diarrhea. And diarrhea could be prevented if the mother will breastfeed her baby. And breastfeeding also speeds up the recovery of babies from sickness. Some causes of diarrhea are:

  1. 1
    Baby's or breastfeeding mother's diet is changed
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  2. 2
    Antibiotic taken by baby or the breastfeeding mother
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  3. 3
    Uncommon diseases such as cystic fibrosis
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Symptoms of diarrhea in babies:

  1. 1
    Crying with few or no tears
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  2. 2
    Less active than he usually is
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  3. 3
    Dry mouth
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  4. 4
    Not so wet diapers or lesser diapers used than usual
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  5. 5
    Skin is dry and not elastic
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  6. 6
    Sunken eyes
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  7. 7
    No urine output in 2 (mild), 4 (moderate), or 8 hours (severe dehydration)
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Oresol for diarrhea

Diarrhea is a digestive ailment wherein bowel movements are done numerous times in a day, and it results in dehydration of the afflicted person. The waste excreted is not the usual solid, moist substance, but is an abnormally liquefied flow of waste.

Probable causes for diarrhea:

  1. 1
    Digestion of improperly handled food.
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  2. 2
    Drinking of water that is not clean or safe.
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  3. 3
    Frequent contact of dirty nails and hands to the mouth.
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  4. 4
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  5. 5
    IBS or Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
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  6. 6
    An illness or disease
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Symptoms of dehydration in a person with diarrhea:

  1. 1
    Sluggishness and fatigue.
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  2. 2
    Does not wake up from sleep too easily.
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  3. 3
    Sunken eyes.
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  4. 4
    Skin turgor or skin elasticity is poor. Skin when pinched, skin should normally flatten out immediately. If dehydrated, the skin will take longer to go back to its normal condition.
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For emergency situations wherein professional medical help is not at hand, give homemade oresol (prepared as described below) to the afflicted person, administered in the proper dosage, according to age group (also see below). In addition to oresol, the person should still be eating soft, solid food (nothing oily) because these procedures work hand in hand to ensure that the sufferer does not get dehydrated, and that his or her digestive tract will not be damaged as he continues to excrete toxic liquid waste. For soft, solid food, doctors prescribe the BRATTY diet for diarrhea to firm up bowel movement. It stands for:

  1. 1
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  2. 2
    Rice - plain
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  3. 3
    Apples or applesauce
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  4. 4
    Toast - plain
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  5. 5
    Tea - decaffeinated
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  6. 6
    Yogurt - minimal sweetness
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Oresol for cholera

Cholera is an infectious and deadly bacterial disease of the small intestine, brought about by the consumption of dirty, infected water. It results into continuous vomiting and then diarrhea. Because of the onset of diarrhea, an emergency solution is to let the infected person drink home made oresol so that his dehydration will be minimized. This home made oresol is a temporary remedy and does not take the place of proper medical care when it arrives and then also the administering of intravenous fluids.

Oresol for dengue

Dengue is a fever that is caused by the dengue virus and is an infectious tropical disease that is spread by mosquitoes. During the rainy season, because of the abundance of water, stagnant water is found everywhere. Stagnant water is the breeding ground of mosquitoes which carry the dengue virus. It could be located in containers, used tires left lying around, or on the roof in the gutters. The most vulnerable victims are children below 12 years old because the thermal heat of their bodies is highly susceptible to the mosquitoes. These mosquitoes are active two hours after sunrise and two hours before sunset. There are four strains of dengue. Affliction with one strain makes one immune to such strain but he can still be infected with the three other strains. Fogging can help, especially if there is a severe dengue outbreak in a community, but the mosquitoes will just transfer to another area. Ideally, the government will pay for the expenses of dengue cases when the patient is admitted to a public hospital.

The D.E.N.G.U.E. strategy:

  • Daily monitoring of patient's condition.
  • Encourage consumption of fluids like oresol, water, juice.
  • Note dengue warning signs - continuous vomiting and bleeding.
  • Give paracetamol for fever. Aspirin is not allowed because it results in bleeding.
  • Use mosquito nets.
  • Early consultation with your physician is best.

Oresol for pregnant women

There are several types of intestinal diseases that can affect pregnant women, but the more common ones are constipation and diarrhea. Over 50 percent of pregnant women will have constipation. Reasons for the prevalence of constipation in pregnant women are:

  1. 1
    prenatal vitamins - usually results in constipation on women with child.
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  2. 2
    slowdown in intestinal function during pregnancy. Results in constipation.
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Diarrhea is less common than constipation for pregnant women, but it is just as hazardous when not treated. The pregnant woman is not just taking care of herself but also another person: the baby. The drinking of a lot of fluids, eating of fiber rich foods and avoidance of caffeine will almost ensure the healthy onset of the baby. For both constipation and diarrhea, one healthy fluid that will help pregnant women is oresol. But the drinking of oresol should be supplemented with healthy living to offset the possible chances of miscarriage or premature delivery of baby due to intestinal problems. Oresol, which includes homemade oresol, can be a lifesaver, when drank in emergency cases of dehydration, during a transition period when medical professionals are not yet available for the moment. Oresol also helps soften the bowels during constipation.


  1. 1
    Gather the ingredients needed for the solution. These ingredients are usually kept on hand in a lot of homes, and are readily accessible in case you need to make one oresol solution. All you will really need is distilled drinking water or cooled boiled water, sugar, and salt.
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  2. 2
    Prepare 1 liter of distilled water. If you do not have this, you can boil drinking water and let it cool.
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  3. 3
    Add 8 teaspoon of sugar and 1 teaspoon of salt.
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  4. 4
    Mix the solution well and give the solution to the patient.
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  5. 5
    1. Adults and Older Children: Adults and children above the age of two should be sip the solution slowly from a cup. Take your time.
    2. Children under two. Children should be fed a teaspoon or two every couple of minutes until the mixture is gone.
    3. Babies. Babies can be fed the same solution, albeit in smaller amounts than adults. Use a dropper or needle-less syringe to feed them one milliliter at a time every few minutes.
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FAQ's and inquiries

How long can you keep after it's made?

Unfortunately, the sugar content makes oresol a prime breeding ground for bacteria, once the container is exposed to air or saliva. To be safe, make a new batch every 24 hours.

Does it need to be refrigerated?

Homemade oresol should be kept in a cool place or a refrigerator.

Is there a different formula for children?

No, the same formula may be used for adults and children of all ages. The quantity of solution administered and the frequency given is the only facet that is different.

Tips, Tricks & Warnings

  • Give as necessary to the patient if experiencing diarrhea.
  • Do not fast. Try your best to keep the patient on their typical eating schedule. The CDC recommends that adults and children should continue to eat solid foods when necessary to promote a healthy recovery of the stomach. It is best to follow the BART diet, which stands for bananas, applesauce, rice, and toast. These foods are easy on the stomach and promote healthy bowel movements.
  • Excessively dehydrated patients may experience vomiting for one or two hours. Continue administering oresol and contact help if dehydration symptoms increase. It is best to take in small amounts until the vomiting has ended, as drinking too much of any liquid may cause the patient to vomit more.
  • If blood is found in the feces of the patient, it is still advised that you give the oresol, but you should also take the patient to the nearest hospital for medical attention.
  • If you have a problem in making your child drink oresol, you can refer on the tips on this article on how to Get your kids to take oresol when they are sick.

Questions and Answers

Can a pregnant woman drink salt and sugar solution when having diarrhea?

In general, because homemade ORS solutions are only made of salt and sugar, these would not be harmful to pregnant women. However, you need to take note that pregnant women suffer constipation more often than diarrhea, so the diarrhea itself may be indicative of a more serious condition. In addition to this, if a pregnant woman is suffering from chronic or gestational diabetes, she needs to be careful about taking ORS. The safest thing to do may be to drink water and seek the attention of a qualified professional.

This is a very insightful question and pregnant women would do well to take note of this and ask their doctors if it is alright for them to take ORS in case there is a need to do so.

Just drink water. If you need extra nutrients look into things like Carnation instant breakfast, prenatal vitamins, or other supplements. You will get plenty of your essential minerals that way. You want to avoid drinking a salt and sugar solution because if not careful you could get too much salt and dehydrate yourself more.

How to feed oresol to a 11 month old baby with diarrhea?

If the baby is still on the bottle, use the bottle. If he or she drinks fluids more readily through a glass, then by all means, administer it with a glass. If the baby reacts to the taste of the solution, you can try diluting it and just keeping track of how much he or she has consumed in terms of the original mixture. Give the solution in smaller installments if the child finds that more acceptable.

The ORESOL or Oral Rehydration Solution is a formula used to replace electrolytes and fluids that are loss in the body. The ORESOL is indicated for the treatment of mild to moderate dehydration caused by vomiting, acute diarrhea, sweating or any other forms of fluid loss in the body. The initial dosage of ORESOL for 4 to 11 month old infant ( 5 to 7.9 kg. infant weight) is about 2 to 3 glasses of ORESOL or about 400 to 600 ml. In regards to your question, simply make the solution and put it in the infant feeding bottle and give the solution to the infant while alternately breastfeeding him/her. For infant who are not breastfed, give 100 to 200 ml clean water or 1/2 to 1 glass of water during this period within 4 hours. After 4 hours, reassess the 11 month old baby for signs of improvement. If the signs of dehydration still persists after giving the ORESOL, immediately bring the baby to the hospital for proper medical treatment.

Home remedy for diarrhea in kids who don't like the taste of oresol? How can I make it taste good and still be effective?

You can try diluting it and giving it to them very cold. At least one mother made small ice cubes with the solution and that worked really well.

There are several ways for you to properly administer the Oresol solution to young kids who doesn't like the tangy taste of the plain Oresol solution with the same effect to their bodies.

1. Mix Oresol with your kid's favorite drinks.

A good example is by simply mixing the Oresol solution to your kid's favorite drink like fruit juices or chocolate drinks and avoid mixing the solution to carbonated drinks.

2. Present the solution in a covered glass with straw or drinking pout.

Presenting the solution in a clear glass will only make the child to think that it is a plain water or the sugar and the salt particles present in the water will make it less appealing to the child. By giving the solution in a covered glass, the child will be curious to know what you are giving to him/her.

3. Mix it with a fruit salad.

Administering the Oresol solution doesn't only mean by means of drinking, you can also administer it by mixing the solution to a fruit salad. A good recipe is a few slice of melon, apple and banana poured with milk or chocolate drink. The fruits will give bulk to the stool of your child, the nutrients present in the fruit will aid in strengthening your child's immune system and the solution to replace the water and the electrolyte imbalances in your child's body.

4. Try different Oresol flavored solutions for kids.

Try to replace the adult's Oresol solution to a kid's Oresol solution with different fruit flavors. These fruit flavored Oresol solutions helps in masking the tangy taste making your child think that it is a fruit juice.

5. Mix the solution to his/her favorite cereal breakfast or cereal snack.

A good example is to mix the solution in a bowl of your kid's favorite cereal snack like chocolate or honey flavored cereal snack and add a few tablespoonfuls of milk powder or chocolate powder.

The above tips will help you properly give the Oresol solution to young kids who does not like it's tangy taste with the same/improve effect to their bodies.

How many liters of oresol should be administered to a child with mild dengue?

In general, you can give a child with dengue the same amount that you would give a child with diarrhea. (Consider the amounts suggested in the article above.) However, you need to be conscious that a child with dengue is not just suffering from loose bowel movements; he or she has another condition - one that has proven life-threatening in many cases. Consult with your doctor for specific interventions.

Dengue or also referred to as "breakbone fever" is one of the debilitating and life-threatening diseases contracted by adults and children alike from mosquito bites. There is still no known vaccine for preventing dengue fever but there are certain ways to maximize protection by eradicating mosquitoes. The "dengue triad" consisting of rash, fever, and headache are the pattern of symptoms that characterize dengue fever which make it relatively easier to spot the disease.

Treatment of symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration in dengue would include taking Oresol in a recommended dose of 200ml to 400ml every 4 hours. Oral Rehydration Solution (Oresol) can be computed based on the following:

  • Age. Children 2 years old and under - 50/100ml/per diarrhea bout. Children 2 to 9 years old - 100-200ml/per diarrhea bout. Children 10 years old and above - dose as needed.
  • Weight. For children, Oresol recommended dosage is at 75ml/kg of body weight.


Can homemade oresol (oral hydration solution) be made for dogs? Is the formula the same as for humans?

As an emergency measure you can try giving your dog oresol. You can try just putting it in his water bowl or you can push it in through a syringe at the side of his mouth. Remember though, that the dog may be suffering from something more serious than diarrhea due to indigestion. See a qualified professional as soon as possible.

The answer is yes, the formula is the same as for humans but the dosage depends on the weight of the dog and the severity of the dog's condition. Mild cases of dehydration on dogs can be safely remedied with homemade oresol. For smaller built dogs, the dosage is similar to human 1 year below which is 1/4 cup up to 1 cup of oresol daily, for medium built dogs, the dosage is similar to 2 to 9 years old in human dosage which is about 1 cup up to 4 cups daily and for larger built dogs, the dosage is similar to an adult up to 8 cups or as needed. Another alternative treatment is through IV therapy by injecting Lactated Ringer's Solution at the scruff of the neck of the dog (under the skin). The usual recommended dosage is about 5 to 10 ml in every pound body weight of the dog. Pedialyte also can be safely used to treat dehydration on dogs though Pedialyte is solely made for human consumption. For a more severe dehydration on dogs, take your dog immediately to veterinary clinic for proper medical management.

How often should a 1 year old take oresol?

A 1 year old child should take oresol for every loose bowel movement. The intake should be about 1/4 to 1/2 cup of the oresol and should not exceed two cups in one day.

What is the ratio of sugar and salt to make 1 glass of mixture of oresol?

I want to know the ration between the sugar and the salt that is to be dissolved only in 1 glass of water.please answer and thank you!

It should be half teaspoon of salt and 6 teaspoons of sugar for every liter of water. This will be able to prepare about 5 glasses or small cups of oresol. You have to continuously stir the mixture until you see that all sugar dissolves. When that happens, it's basically ready to drink.

Alternative for oresol?

Oresol has a very good reputation for being one the best oral rehydration/electrolyte replenishment drinks. Here are some other popular and useful electrolyte replenishment drinks.

1. Cytomax

2. Accelerate

3. GU20

4. and then as a last resort you can use things like Gatorade or Propel Fitness water.

Oresol dosage?

The ORESOL dosages are as follows:

  • For infant less than 4 months (less than 5 kilograms in weight)

- 200 to 400 ml or about 1 to 2 glasses

  • For infant 4 to 11 months (5 to 7.9 kilograms in weight)

- 400 to 600 ml or about 2 to 3 glasses

  • For 12 to 23 months (8 to 10.9 kilograms in weight)

600 to 800 ml or about 3 to 4 glasses

  • 2 to 4 years (11 to 15.9 kilograms in weight)

800 to 1200 ml or about 4 to 6 glasses

  • 5 to 14 years (16 to 29.9 kilograms in weight)

1200 to 2200 ml or about 6 to 11 glasses

  • 15 years and older (30 kilograms or more in weight)

2200 to 4000 ml or about 11 to 20 glasses

Additional information:

  • The estimated volume of ORESOL in ml to give within the first four hours can also be calculated by simply multiplying the weight of the patient in kilogram by 75 ml.
  • For infant less than 11 months old, give the solution alternately while breastfeeding within four hours.
  • For infants who are not breastfed, give about 100 to 200 ml water alternately with the solution within four hours.
  • After four hours, reassess the condition of the patient for improvement. If it still persist, continue giving the solution.
  • If severe dehydration have appeared, immediately bring the patient to the hospital for immediate IV rehydration.

I have have no medicine what home ready can I do?

I have LBM I"ve in and out of the restroom. my feet are cold I feel weak and my body aches

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Look for the composition of ORESOL in literature or gov.health agency website. How are you going to prepare it at home? Include the materials and the procedures?

To combat dehydration,oral re-hydration solution (ORESOL) must be taken. ORESOL is readily available in drugstores & hospitals, but can also be prepared at home...........Thank you so much for helping my assignment!

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The amount and frequency to be given?

Does the amount and frequency matters ?

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Food poisoning with 160 heart beat per minute. How much dangerous is it for children?

How severe is the food poisoning or dehydration

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Can we use brown sugar or the refine white sugar?

in the preparation of home made oresol, can we use brown sugar

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If you have problems with any of the steps in this article, please ask a question for more help, or post in the comments section below.


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