Do Karate Punches and Strikes
Edited by Seighart, Charmed, Reema, Lynn and 2 others
Do Karate Punches and Strikes
Straight Karate Punch
While uppercut and hooking motions are often used in karate punches, you will depend mostly on a straight speedy lunge punch and a powerful reverse punch. In the straight karate punch, strike the target with the first two knuckles of fist. To do the Straight punch simply follow:
- 1Start from the natural ready stance. Extend your left hand in front of your body, and palm down.Advertisement
- 2Place your right fist just above your hip with the palm of your fist facing upwards.Advertisement
- 3The punch must reach its target in a straight line - like an arrow shot from a bow. Turn right forearm with a twisting motion just as your elbow passes upward above your stomach. Your open left hand should be pulled halfway back to your hip at this point.
- 4As you punch straight ahead at shoulder height, the palm of your fist faces downward. Raising your right arm, twisting it, and punching forward should be all one lightning fast motion.
- 5Your left hand stays at your hip, palm upwards ready for the next move. On all straight punches, your arm should rub the side of your body as the punch leaves your hip.
Tips: You should not attempt punching practice while moving until you are punching reasonably well from the standing position. You do not want to land a punch, just show that you can.
Reverse Punch: Karate's Strongest Punch
Known as the karate's strongest punch, the reverse punch is mainly used in counterattack, after you have blocked your opponent's punch or kick. A twisting thrust of the hip thrown into the forward movement of body adds to the power of the attack. To do this simply follow:
- 1Start from a low forward stance. Extend your left hand out to the front, pull back your right fist just above your fist. Keep your hip at a 45 degree angle.
Turn your fist so that the closed palm faces back towards you, and use the first two knuckles as striking surface in this speedy technique. Although used mainly against soft targets like the face or stomach, the back fist has proven to be a very good surprise weapon. The force of the blow does not travel in a straight line, as in a straight punch, but more in a half circle. It can be aimed at the front, side or rear. The motion is a fast snapping of the forearm and elbow. Because of this, it is important to keep your elbow slight bent at the end of the strike so that your elbow joint is not injured. To do this:
- 1Start by crossing both arms in front of your body with your striking fist on top.
- 2Deliver the strike quickly in a half circular motion. The punch is simply a snapping movement of your forearm and elbow. At the end of the strike, the bottom part of your fist may be facing either downwards or sideways, depending on how the target was struck.
The Fist Hammer
Here you use the fleshy bottom part of your fist (not wrist bone) to strike the target very much as if you were using a hammer. The targets are the bony parts of the body like the shoulder blades and ribs. The blow depends on the fast snapping action of your forearm and elbow, as well as tensing of your shoulder muscles. To practice or this just follow these steps:
- 1As in the back fist strike, cross both arms in front of your body, bring your striking fist upwards in a half circle to the side.
- 2At the very start of this movement, twist your wrist with a snapping motion so that the bottom part of your fist is facing upward.
- 3Continue the half circle movement so that the bottom part of your fist now faces downwards as it strikes the target.
Palm Heel Strike
Use caution on practicing this technique to avoid injury on your partner. Here you use the heel of your palm very much like a straight punch to your opponent's face at an upward angle. This blow can be delivered upwards at his jaw or sideways to his ribs. It us also often used as a block against punching and kicking attacks. To practice or do this strike:
- 1Start by standing in natural or ready stance, with your left palm extended in front of your body and your right fist just above your hip.
- 2Open your right fist and thrust your hand forward. Turn your right wrist so that your fingers are pointing upwards. At the same time pull back your left hand sharply to your hip.
- 3Shoot out your palm heel in a straight line upwards, but like a punch. Your left hand should now be cocked just above your left hip, ready for the next move.
You elbow may be employed to attack targets at the front, side, or rear. You can use it in an upwards, sidewards or downwards direction. Powerful and very good for close fighting, the elbow strike is easy to learn. For this reason it is preferred by many who specialize in self defense techniques.
Sideward Elbow Strike
The sideward elbow strike works best when applied from horse stance. This technique would be weak if used from the back stance, because it does not allow a strong enough balance to the sides. To practice or do this technique:
- 1Stand in natural stance and cross your arms in front of your body.
- 2Thrust outwards towards the target, keeping your striking elbow in a straight line.
Downward Elbow Strike
The targets for the downward strike are the neck or upper back, or, if the opponent is flat on his back, the chest. For this technique, the forward stance is preferred. To do this technique:
- 1Start by raising your fist overhead.
- 2Thrust your elbow downward sharply to the target. Your elbow should be about 6 inches away from your body, not alongside it.
An elbow block is just what it sounds like, a block using your elbow, this sharpest part of your body. It can be used to reverse the effect an attacker's closed fist. Elbow blocks can help you protect yourself from body blows. An elbow block can also break your opponent's fists or knees by simply blocking their attacks, but it may also be risky as you might break your elbow as well. Still, the elbow block is one of the most effective way to counter your opponent's attacks.
Sideward Knifehand Strike
The open hand blow gets its power from the sharp, snapping motion of your elbow and wrist. The targets are your opponent's temple and neck, and you strike with the outer edge of your hand.
- 1Bring up your striking hand to your ear. Do not raise your shoulder, raising the shoulder prevents, proper tensing of the chest muscles during the strike.
- 2To form a knifehand, flatten the heel of your palm by bending your thumb outward.
- 3Swing your knifehand in a sweeping arc very much like using a whip. Your palm should be facing up and your wrist bent at the end of the strike.