Use Reflexive Verbs in Spanish
Edited by Thor, Rushell, Eng
Hello and welcome to VisiHow. This is part of a series of videos on the Spanish language. In this video, we are going to show you how to use "Reflexive Verbs".
Reflexive verbs are very common in Spanish.
They're made by adding a Reflexive Personal Pronoun before the conjugated verb or attaching it to the end in some cases. This serves to reflect the verb back onto the subject and demonstrates that the action is happening to the subject.
The following is a list of the Reflexive Personal Pronouns.
- "Me" - "Myself"
- "Te" - "Yourself", Familiar
- "Se" - "Himself", "Herself", "Yourself", formal
- "Nos" - "Ourselves"
- "Os" - "Yourselves"
- "Se" - "Themselves"
You cannot add a Reflexive Personal Pronoun to just any verb, as some verbs are just Reflexive verbs, and you'll have to learn which ones they are.
Verbs can be Infinitive and Reflexive.
This is an example of that.
"Levantar" means "To lift up, raise up, pick up".
An example of this in a sentence is, "Por favor levanta el vaso", which means "Please pick up the vase".
Now, we have an example of this verb when it is reflexive.
Notice that now it has "-se" on the end. When this is added to the verb, this is the verb in both the Infinitive and Reflexive form.
"Levantar" is the verb in its Infinitive form, meaning "To lift".
When we add "-se" to the Infinitive form, the verb becomes Reflexive as well.
It now means, "To lift up one's self, get out of bed, wake up, raise up".
An example is "Todos los dias me levanto temperano", which means, "Every day I wake up early".
We can see, "Levantar" means to lift up something, such as the vase in "Por favor levanta el vaso".
However, "Levantarse" is Reflexive, as we can see by the "-se" on the end.
This is to lift ourselves up. "Todos los dias me levanto temperano" literally means, I lift myself up. It's reflecting the action of the verb onto myself.
We will know if a verb is Reflexive because we'll see that it has "se" attached to the end of it when it is in the Infinitive form.
As we could see in the previous examples, when conjugating a Reflexive verb, we put the Reflexive Personal Pronoun before the verb.
In this example, "Todos los dias me levanto temperano", the Reflexive Personal Pronoun, "me" means myself, and it basically means I lift myself up early, or I get myself out of bed early.
We put the Reflexive Personal Pronoun before the verb when we conjugate it.
This is how "Levantarse" is conjugated in present tense.
- "Me levanto" - I get up or lift myself up
- "Te levantas" - You lift yourself up
- "Se levanta" - Him or Her
- "Nos levantamos" - We lift ourselves up or we get up
- "Os levantáis" - You lift yourselves up or you get up, plural
- "Se Levantan" - They lift themselves up or they get up
There is a situation where the position of the Reflexive Personal Pronoun changes.
This is the case when using the Gerund, which in Spanish is "ando" for "AR" verbs and "iendo" for "ER" and "IR" verbs. In English, it is the ending "ing", such as in the words going, talking, walking, etc. This is called the Progressive tense in English.
The Reflexive Personal Pronoun is attached to the end of the Gerund.
For example, "Estaba levantandome cuando..." means "I was waking up when..." Therefore, when we're using the Gerand, the ending "ando" in levantando, meaning "I was waking", then we put the Reflexive Personal Pronoun on the end of the verb.
We also put the Pronoun and the verb together in one word.
Another situation where the Reflexive Personal Pronoun is added to the end of the verb is when the verb is used in the Infinitive form.
An example of this is, "Vamos a levantarnos a las 06:00", which means, "We are going to get up at 06:00.
Another example is "Voy a acostarme", which means "I am going to bed".
In the both examples, the verb in the Infinitive.
It's not been conjugated. We add the Reflexive Personal Pronoun onto the end of the verb, making "levantarnos" in the first sentence and "acostarme" in the second.
Now, it's your turn.
Try to conjugate some regular Reflexive verbs, and use them to create your own sentences. Try "Llamarse", which means "To call one's self" and "Ducharse", which means "To shower one's self". Follow the same rules that we've discussed in this video to create your own sentences. Then leave them in the comment section below, so you can share them with us.
Video: Use Reflexive Verbs in Spanish
Communications & Education
Recent edits by: Rushell, Thor