Use Adjectives in Arabic Language
Edited by Hotelier, priya, Eng, Anonymous
Hello, and thank you for watching VisiHow. Today, we will show you how to use adjectives in the Arabic language. This tutorial is specifically for new or beginning students of standard Arabic. There are a few rules that we need to remember when we are dealing with adjectives in the Arabic language.
The first of those rules is that adjectives that modify nouns immediately follow the nouns that they modify.
It is the opposite of English. Where we say, "a big book", in Arabic, we would say, "book big".
The next rule deals with how adjectives need to match the nouns.
Adjectives that are modifying nouns in Arabic must match in case.
They must match in gender.
They must match in definiteness.
They must match in number as well.
To illustrate a few of these rules, we have a couple of sentences on the right-hand side of the board.
They say, "the new teacher" masculine, "the new teacher" feminine, and "the teacher is new" for masculine. The nouns are heavily declining in Arabic, so we will go over this later.
"The new teacher" in Arabic is "al mudarris al jadid".
"Al mudarris" is "teacher.
Both words take "al" since "new" is directly modifying "teacher", and "teacher" is definite.
We will write this as "al", then miim, daal, ra doubled, and then siin.
That is "al mudarris".
"Al jadid" will be "al", then jiim, daal, yaa, daal.
This is "the new teacher" if the teacher, which is the subject, is a man. This is literally "the teacher the new", but it is read as "the new teacher".
If we want to make this feminine, we will need to add a feminine ending to "al mudarris" in order to make the distinction that this teacher is a woman.
Let's copy "al mudarris", but we will add the feminine ending taa marbuuta to the end of the word.
Now, we have "al mudarrisa", and we will at the same feminine ending to "al jadid".
This will will be read "al mudarrisa al jadida".
This is "the new teacher" if the teacher is a woman.
If "new" is not going to modify "teacher", but we want to say the full sentence "the teacher is new", and the teacher is a man, we will write "al mudarris jadid".
In this case, we can tell that "new" is not modifying "the teacher" since it does not match in definiteness. We have "the teacher" with "al", which is our definite article. If "jadid" modified "teacher", it would also have "al", but it does not. Again, this would be read, "al mudarris jadid", which means, "the teacher is new".
This does conclude today's tutorial on how to use adjectives in the Arabic language.
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Video: Use Adjectives in Arabic Language
Recent edits by: Eng, priya, Hotelier