Treat Plantar Fasciitis
Edited by Jerry Rivers, Eng, Lynn
If you suffer from severe pain in your heel, and/or under your foot, you probably are a victim of plantar fasciitis. It is the most typical cause of such pain in your foot. To understand the cause and treatment to heal (excuse the pun) it, you should understand what is the plantar fascia. The plantar fascia is a flat web of ligaments that connect at your heel and the front of your foot, just beneath the surface of the bottom of your foot.
The plantar fascia is the base for the arch of your foot (where your foot arcs up at the bottom side, as opposed to the instep, or top of your foot). Any time the bottom of your foot, or your heel is painful, you have probably strained the plantar fascia. It will be inflamed, swollen and weakened, and the condition is called plantar fasciitis.
If you are involved in sports, or are on your feet most of the time, you are prone to plantar fasciitis. As you age, you become even more susceptible to it. Once you have plantar fasciitis, the pain is more severe while on your feet, with even more pain when you must walk up stairs.
The cause of plantar fasciitis
- 1Repeated pressure on this foot part will cause it to be frayed where it connects.Plantar fasciitis is caused by a strain of the plantar fascia band of ligaments.Advertisement
- 2Your nervous system sends a pain signal to you that there are tears on this band of ligaments.Advertisement
- 3Any of these situations will cause plantar fasciitis:
- Staying on your feet for an extended time from walking, jogging, or standing.
- Carrying excess body weight.
- Your arches are either flat or too high.
- You have too much foot pronation, in which your feet land with more pressure on the inside of your feet.
- You are wearing the wrong sized shoes, or shoes without proper support.
- Your Achilles tendon is too tight.
The symptoms of plantar fasciitis
- 1The pain will be especially severe at the bottom of your foot and/or heal when you first get up from bed after sleeping.Advertisement
- 2After you walk a while, the pain and stiffness will subside.
- 3It will hurt much more if you walk up stairs, or must be on your feet for many hours.Near the end of the day, the severe pain will return.
- 4It is recommended to visit your physician to be sure of the cause of foot pain, so that you can treat it properly.Be aware that you may have another foot condition with similar symptoms.
How does the doctor diagnose plantar fasciitis?
- The physician will examine your injured foot as you are standing and walking. He will ask you:
- What injuries and ailments you have had.
- What kinds of physical activity you have regularly.
- The exact location of the foot pain, and when the pain is most severe.
- Permission to x-ray your damaged foot. This is to eliminate bone spurs or broken bone as the cause of your foot pain.
How do you treat plantar fasciitis?
- 1Many factors determine the best form of treatment(s) to heal the plantar fasciitis.
- 2Stay off your feet as much as possible until the foot is healed.Rest the damaged foot.
- 3Avoid walking on hard surfaces as much as possible.
- 4Do a sets of 10 toe and calf stretches when you first get up, and then another one in the evening each day.
- 5Use an ice pack on your injury for 20 minutes a couple times a day.
- 7Take ibuprofen, or naproxen, or aspirin every four hours to relieve the pain and reduce swelling.
- 8You will find relief with heel cups or custom shoe inserts for both feet.Wear only shoes that support your feet well with cushioning.
- 9Your doctor may give you a steroid injection if the plantar fasciitis persists.
How long will it take to heal from plantar fasciitis?
- 1Surgery is not recommended unless you still have pain after a year.It may take as long as a year to recover from this condition.
- 2Since plantar fasciitis occurs when there is a damaged ligament, it will take months to completely heal.
- 3As soon as you discover that you have this condition, get proper treatment and stay with it regularly.Advertisement
Referencing this Article
If you need to reference this article in your work, you can copy-paste the following depending on your required format:
APA (American Psychological Association)
Treat Plantar Fasciitis. (2015). In VisiHow. Retrieved May 24, 2017, from http://visihow.com/Treat_Plantar_Fasciitis
MLA (Modern Language Association) "Treat Plantar Fasciitis." VisiHow, visihow.com/Treat_Plantar_Fasciitis Accessed 24 May 2017.
Chicago / Turabian VisiHow.com. "Treat Plantar Fasciitis." Accessed May 24, 2017. http://visihow.com/Treat_Plantar_Fasciitis.
Categories : Health & Wellness
Recent edits by: Eng, Jerry Rivers