Read Sun and Moon Letters in Arabic

Edited by Hotelier, priya, Eng, Anonymous and 2 others

Hello, and thank you for watching VisiHow. Today, we will learn the difference between the sun letters and the moon letters, and what happens when you are making a definite noun using a sun letter. The Arabic alphabet is categorized into two groups of letters called sun letters and moon letters. There are fourteen sun letters in standard Arabic - taa, thaa, daal, thaal, ra, za, siin, shiin, saad, daad, taa, thaa, laam and miim.

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Steps

  1. 1
    Let's take the word for "sun", which is "shams".
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  2. 2
    "Shams" is spelled shiin, miim, siin.
    Again, that is "shams", and it means "sun".
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  3. 3
    If we want to make this definite, we can "al" in front.
    "Al" is alif, laam.
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  4. 4
    This looks like "al shams"; however, "shiin" is one of the sun letters.
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  5. 5
    When "al" is placed before one of the sun letters, the laam in integrated into the following sun letter.
    In other words, it's not pronounced. Instead of being "al shams", this becomes "ashams". With any of the sun letters, this will be the rule for alif, laam preceding a sun letter. The letter laam is not pronounced as "al", but it gets integrated into the rest of the word. Again, instead of "al shams", this is "ashams".
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  6. 6
    This concludes today's tutorial on Arabic sun and moon letters, and what happens when we are making a definite noun using a sun letter as the first letter in the word.
    If you have any questions, comments or suggestions, please leave them in the space below.
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Video: Read Sun and Moon Letters in Arabic

Questions and Answers

Whats the difference between the Sun and Moon letters?

Just trying to figure out the exact difference between the letters. I have tried: Researching online. I think it was caused by: ....my brain...?

To say it plainly, the Arabic language has the definite article "al-". The Sun letters change the "L" sound in this article to the first consonant of the next word. The Moon letters do not change the "L" sound. Basically, the Sun letters indicate that the definite article has apocope. Also, the sun letters are phonetically formed by raising the tip of the tongue towards the hard palate, while the moon letters formed in all of the other possible ways.

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Example of moon and sun letter?

The moon and sun letter example give me minimum 10 only one letter

قمرية: الببغاء الأمير المكتبة المرآة الخلية البنطال الأسود

شمسية: اللحم الدجاج النسر الصقر الطيور الدببة

How to remember sun and moon letters in Arabic?

To remember moon letters,I have an Arabic sentence thus ابغ حجك وخف عقيمه is there any similar sentence to remember sun letters?

No there is not, all the rest of the letters that are aside of the sentence you mentioned are Sun letters.

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Categories : Language

Recent edits by: ChrisDurkin, Anonymous, Eng

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