Prepare for a Debate
Edited by Jonathan, Lynn, Graeme, Eng and 2 others
Debate is an oral/verbal argument that needs a lot of written preparation. It is an activity wherein one would be dealing with in school especially for students in the Political Science or Philosophy department or in Law school.
In order to prepare for a debate, a great deal of research is needed. Debaters these days are just too lucky for they have the internet to help them out.
In a debate, you need to point out something to persuade and convince with a well-prepared debate material.
Steps in Preparing Your Debate Materials
- 1Research well on your proposition. You could have a lot of knowledge in mind but new things happen every now and then. Being equipped with fresh new knowledge will help you make a rebuttal and point out good facts. It pays to know the good and bad sides of the proposition in order to prepare yourself for the cross examination.Make use of the library and internet materials.Advertisement
- 2This will help you take a quick glance when you already are in the debate. Be proactive. Think of all the possible arguments that your opponent may throw at you.Make a systematized outline.Advertisement
- 3The usual format is that each member of the debating team is limited to 4 minutes 30 seconds each including the team captain's summation. So when you rehearse, make sure that your speech is below 4 minutes and 15 seconds to give allowance to the time limit. If, upon numerous practices, you are within the time limit and you have already taken up your major points, this means you have done excellent preparation.Time your speech.
- 4It could be spoken word for word while reading the speech. Second, you could outline your major points, and then you discuss each point. Third, you could memorize the whole speech. It depends on your character and your style, as long as you get your arguments across.Your speech could be prepared three ways.
During the Debate
- 1Take note of things that you may use to for rebuttal. Be concise and direct when it is your turn to present.Listen to your opponents arguments.Advertisement
- 2The adjudicators do not want to hear so many points that do not flow freely with each other, and cannot anyway be explained elaborately because of the time limit. Remember that points are given for clarity and logical thought. Do not harass the adjudicators with jumbled ideas.Limit your major points to three or four well researched and well planned ones.
- 3Make a list of probable important points that the other team will be presenting to defend their stand on the issue. Then rehearse your rebuttal on what you expect them to say. Back up your arguments with solid statistics, then state where you got them (sources).Try to make intelligent guesses of what the opposing team will be saying.
- 4Preparation, research, practice, and teamwork are the keys to winning a debate.Advertisement
If you have problems with any of the steps in this article, please post in the comments section below.
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Recent edits by: Maria Sharon Ubando, Eng, Graeme