Prepare and Present a CV or Resume

Edited by Hotelier, Alexander Avdeev, Eng, Doug Collins

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Work or Job Experience

Hello! Thank you for watching VisiHow! This is a tutorial with a discussion on how to present your work experience on your resume or CV.


Steps

  1. 1
    To begin, we need a heading for the section
    .
    The headings can be in all capital letters, but normal type, not bold, italicized, or underlined. This section is called "Professional Experience". We may also call it "Employment Experience", "Work Experience", etc.
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  2. 2
    Underneath our heading, we need to write our experience in reverse chronological order
    .
    This means that we list the current position that we are holding, or the most recent position, at the top; and then we work backwards by date.
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  3. 3
    We place the company name in bold in each date
    .
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  4. 4
    Then, we use tabs
    .
    It is important that we use tabs to set the section up so that everything has a very clean line.
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  5. 5
    We tab over to the right side and include the location directly opposite the company name
    .
    We can use the city and country. In the US, we can use the city and state.
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  6. 6
    Underneath the company name in bold, we write our position or title
    .
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  7. 7
    We use a normal font with size 11 throughout our whole CV
    .
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  8. 8
    After our position or title, we have a comma and dates of employment
    .
    We use it in the "Month Year - Month Year" format. For example, in one position was "Freelance Editor, November 2012 - Present". "Present" means that we are currently employed at this job. If we go back, we can see the position of "Receptionist, Night Auditor, August 2014 - March 2015". So these are the beginning and ending days of our employment.
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  9. 9
    Underneath, we place slight indents and bullet points
    .
    With these bullet points, we list things that we've accomplished at the job. Those don't have to be full sentences. They can be fragments, but they all need to be in a similar style.
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  10. 10
    For instance, we have underneath "Training Manager, April 2015 - Present"
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  11. 11
    The second point is
    :
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  12. 12
    The third point is
    :
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  13. 13
    We have three words
    .
    "Redesign", "Update", and "Recruit". Throughout our CV we can use very similar action words in a very similar format. They can be written in the past tense. "Review", "Provide", "Increase", "Sell", "Ensure", "Develop", "Create", "Manage", "Assist", and so on. So each of these points lists particular requirements of a job as well as sound accomplishments.
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  14. 14
    There is an entry with promotion in this tutorial
    .
    It has a title change with added responsibility in Chicago. The entry is made in a very similar fashion.
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  15. 15
    There is the company name in bold with location over several tabs
    .
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  16. 16
    There are two positions separated by a slash
    .
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  17. 17
    If we receive a promotion in which our responsibilities completely change, we may want to handle the entry differently
    .
    In this case, the main responsibility did not change; but extra work was received. So, we can write, for example, "Administrative / Project Assistant, August 2005 - April 2008". This is a designation for having held two different positions that are very closely related.
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  18. 18
    This does conclude the presentation on how to enter our work experience on a resume or a CV
    .
    If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions, please leave them in the space below.
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Video: Prepare and Present a CV or Resume Work or Job Experience

Knowledge and Skills

Hello! Thank you for watching VisiHow! In this tutorial, we are discussing preparing your resume or CV, specifically, by listing your knowledge and skills. This section lets the employer know a little more about you, what you're good at, and what are your strengths.

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Steps

  1. 1
    There is a CV section simply called "SKILLS"
    .
    We may also place knowledge in this section if we have any relevant course work. We can list it as well. In this video, there is no course work relevant to the job in the resume, which is hospitality industry, especially with the degree in political science. So, we simply may list our skills that we have learned with years on the job. In this video, the job experience is almost 10 years.
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  2. 2
    We have the bullet point for each skill category
    .
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  3. 3
    At the top, we can list technological skills
    .
    We can list software (Microsoft Office programs, Opera and Fidelio Property Management Systems Adobe Acrobat, etc.) We can list any computer programs that we can use very well.
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  4. 4
    We can list technological skills in one line if we are running low on space
    .
    We can separate them if we have some extra space.
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  5. 5
    Second, we can list language skills
    .
    We can include our native and other spoken languages. In this video, "Native English" and "Intermediate Georgian" are listed. We should choose languages that we do operate reasonably well. There might be other languages that we can use up to the point if needed, but we might omit advertising them. We could list them if we wanted to highlight, for instance, that we can read other languages. Those languages are Russian and Arabic in this video, but spoken Russian and Arabic are limited.
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  6. 6
    There are many other skills we can include in the "SKILLS" section, depending on the job for which we are applying
    .
    It may help to do little research and even set up an informational interview, if needed, in order to find out what types of skills are required or generally sought out for the particular job for which we would like to apply. Especially, if we are new job seekers.
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  7. 7
    If we have extra space, we could enclose our skills that may include
    :
    • editing skills that we might have adopted from freelance editing;
    • multitasking (it may be something that we do not enjoy doing, but it is possible, as a lot of companies are looking for people who can multitask);
    • writing;
    • anything that may be relevant for the job for which we are applying.
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  8. 8
    This does conclude the tutorial on preparing your resume and CV by presenting our knowledge and skills
    .
    If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions, please leave them in the space below.
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Video: Prepare and Present a CV or Resume Knowledge and Skills

Relevant Additional Skills

Hello! Thank you for watching VisiHow! This is a tutorial where we are discussing preparing your resume or CV. In this section, we will discuss how to present your skills.

Steps

  1. 1
    Typically, we may present the skills at the end just after the education
    .
    We have a very small section with listed skills in categories. The heading for this section, "SKILLS", can be in all capital letters with normalized, not emboldened, italicized, or underlined font.
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  2. 2
    For each category of skills, we may have a bullet point
    .
    We may opt to separate these skills. In this case, we are running out of space on the second page; so, we have listed related skills in one line.
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  3. 3
    At the top, we can place technological skills
    .
    Those may include software such as Microsoft Office programs (covering the range of Excel, Access, Word, and Powerpoint), Opera and Fidelio Property Management Systems for hotel operations, and Adobe Acrobat. We can add many other technological skills. If we do know any programming languages, it would be possibly worth it to separate the languages from the programs and highlight the languages.
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  4. 4
    In the next bullet point, we can include our language skills
    .
    For example, hospitality is an industry that places a lot of value on the ability to speak other languages. So, if we are applying for a hospitality industry job, it's absolutely worth it to list any foreign language knowledge. We can include only the languages in which we are relatively proficient. In this example, "Native English" is listed since the resume is for a non-English speaking country. "Intermediate Georgian" is listed too. It is possible to list other language skills that we have, such as the ability to read beginner-level Russian and Arabic. We may have different levels. For instance, the ability to read Russian may be far stronger than the ability to speak it. That means it can be a beginner-level speaker and limited-proficiency-level reader. We can designate our language skills in this way if we need it.
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  5. 5
    There are many other types of skills that we can list
    .
    For instance, editing. If we worked as a freelance editor, we could gain some writing skills. In this case, the writing skills were gained while co-writing a book in the first position out of the university.
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  6. 6
    We can also list "Customer Service" and "Multitasking", regardless of whether we enjoy it or not
    .
    Multitasking is a skill for which many companies are looking. If we have the ability, we have to go ahead and list it.
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  7. 7
    The important thing to know is that we should tailor our skills to the position for which we apply
    .
    This may require additional outside research or even setting up an informational interview if we are not familiar with the industry. That way, we can learn for which skills employers in the industry typically look.
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This does conclude the tutorial on preparing your skills in your resume or CV. If we have any questions, comments, or suggestions, leave them in the space below.

Video: Prepare and Present a CV or Resume Relevant Additional Skills

Education

Hello! Thank you for watching VisiHow! This is a tutorial where we are discussing preparing your resume or CV. In this particular section, we'll talk about presenting your education.

Steps

  1. 1
    We can present our education after our work experience
    .
    In this video, there are several years of work experience.
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  2. 2
    We create a particular section called "EDUCATION"
    .
    We can use normalized, not emboldened, underlined, or italicized font. It can be in all capital letters.
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  3. 3
    We should list with our most recent education first
    .
    In this case, the "Bachelor of Arts" university degree is listed first. If we have a post-graduate degree, we should list that first as well.
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  4. 4
    The first is the emboldened name of the university
    .
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  5. 5
    Similar to our employment or professional experience, we use the same "Tab" key to add the location
    .
    In the US, it is the city and state of the educational institution.
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  6. 6
    Underneath, we list our degree title
    .
    In this case, it is "Bachelor of Arts".
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  7. 7
    We put a comma and add the designation
    .
    In this case, it is "Cum Laude".
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  8. 8
    We put another comma and write the faculty of our degree
    .
    In this case, it is "Political Science". The last three items are all in one line, as we are running out of space.
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  9. 9
    We put another comma and write the date we received the degree (month and year)
    .
    In this case, it is "May 2005".
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  10. 10
    Below, we place a set of bullet points
    .
    We can place any extracurricular information in each of those. For example:
    • "Minors in International Studies and Classical Studies";
    • our membership in any honor societies;
    • any clubs;
    • extracurricular activities.

      In this case, it is written as:
    • Sigma Alpha, Political Science Honor Society - 2005 - Present
    • National Society of Collegiate Scholars - 2003 - Present
    • Turkish Intercultural Club - 2004 - 2005
    • Loyola University Bands - 2001 - 2002

      If we don't know the months exactly, we can include only the years in this section. In this example, only the date when the degree was received has both month and year.
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  11. 11
    We can go back in time and include high-school education as well
    .
    In this case, it was not included, because there are space restrictions and better relevance of the professional experience, which tells more than about the candidate high-school education.
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This does conclude the tutorial on preparing your CV or resume and presenting your education. If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions, please leave them in the space below.

Video: Prepare and Present a CV or Resume Education

Other Relevant Experience

Hello! Thank you for watching VisiHow! This is a tutorial where we are discussing the CV or resume. In this section, we'll talk about how to include any other experience that is not paid professional experience.

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Steps

  1. 1
    We may weave any other experience throughout our paid professional experience
    .
    Alternatively, we may elect to keep it separate. In this case, it has been elected to be separated. It is listed under the heading called "Other Relevant Experience". We may also use "Volunteer Experience" or simply "Other Experience".
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  2. 2
    We present our other experience in the same format as our paid professional experience but under a separate heading
    .
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  3. 3
    We have the company name and location
    .
    We keep the same indent as our professional experience and education. We use the "Tab" key and add the location. It can be either city and state or city or country, whichever is relevant to our situation.
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  4. 4
    Underneath, we put the type of experience or even the title
    .
    We place a comma and include the starting month and year and ending month and year.
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  5. 5
    Below that, we may add bullet points in our employment experience
    .
    These bullet points outline responsibilities and achievements for the experience.
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  6. 6
    What kinds of experience can go in other experience
    ?
    We can place any type of employment experience that may have not been paid or may have occurred during the school. It can also be any place in which we have learned a skill that is relevant to the position for which we would like to apply, but was not a traditional paid job. This may include: #* volunteer experience; #* internships; #* apprenticeship.
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  7. 7
    When should we leave other experience off
    ?
    It really depends on for what we are applying. It is recommended to include our relevant experience in the case that it does relate to the job that we are trying to attain. We may have received a skill while doing some volunteer work, and that skill will be an advantage at the job that we would like have. In this case, we should definitely put any other relevant experience into our CV. Especially, if it can help to fill the gaps in our employment history, or if it can improve our not-so-long career.
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This does conclude the tutorial on preparing your CV and listing your other experience. If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions, please leave them in the space below.

Video: Prepare and Present a CV or Resume Other Relevant Experience

Removing Experience

Hello! Thank you for watching VisiHow! In this tutorial we will be discussing our CV or resume and when we can remove experience. At some point, you are going to have to choose what you will include or not in our CV.

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Steps

  1. 1
    In this CV, the professional experience begins at the red line and ends on the next page at the red line
    .
    So, it may get quite long, and this is not even all of it. There are a few jobs as well as some volunteer experience in this CV that have already been removed. This eventually will lead to the point where we have to choose even more things that we need to cut.
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  2. 2
    How can we cut the experience list
    ?
    First of all, we need to keep in mind the position for which we apply.
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  3. 3
    In this CV, there is some experience in a nonprofit organization that lasted one year from 2004 to 2005, which was about ten years ago
    .
    This might get a bit old. It may be impressive experience, but it's no longer relevant to the current career path. In this case, the hospitality sector is the goal. So, we may decide eventually to completely remove old and nonrelevant experience to free up some room for newer experience without advancing to the next page.
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  4. 4
    We don't want the CV to become really long, so that we do not submit a novel to the hiring manager
    .
    That probably will not be read. So, we want to try to keep our CV as close to the volume of under two pages as possible.
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  5. 5
    If we do decide to go back into the nonprofit area, we might have some experience
    .
    In this video, there are two very solid experience periods with the dates before 2008. These may become relevant in the future. We are not saying that they will never be used again. There are skills that were learned at nonprofit jobs that can be taken and sold to another company. We may want to read them if we decide to go back into the business. So, we can say that we have done this before and we've taken a bit of a detour; but we are ready to start doing this again.
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  6. 6
    We discuss career changes in another VisiHow video
    .
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  7. 7
    There also may be some bullet points related to our job, duties, and accomplishments that we may want to leave off
    .
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  8. 8
    We can save some lines if we combine or remove some of our duties
    .
    For instance, in this CV, there is work experience at the Millennium Hotel in Chicago from July 2008 to April 2012. During that time, there is a little less than a month of experience working as a part-time reservations agent, which, perhaps, a good thing to add to the hotel experience in the CV. Now, that more very good experience was gained at two other hotels, we can probably save a line by removing the part-time job.
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  9. 9
    Maybe there are other things in the whole CV that we might be able to remove because they are no longer as impressive with our having additional experience
    .
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  10. 10
    So, our experience should be relevant and relatively current
    .
    We want to remove anything that is more than 10 years old. In this CV, from about 1999 to 2002, there is a barista experience in a coffee bar. Now, it is too old and too irrelevant to include. So, that can be completely removed. It should be no longer in our CV. That experience was previously included in order to be sold as a candidate for hospitality, and it was relevant experience. The job that was held in secondary school was removed, since the job was simply too old and more relevant experience was gained.
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This does conclude the tutorial on preparing your CV and knowing when some experience can be removed. If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions, please leave them in the space below.

Video: Prepare and Present a CV or Resume Removing Experience

If you have problems with any of the steps in this article, please ask a question for more help, or post in the comments section below.

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Article Info

Categories : Communications & Education

Recent edits by: Eng, Alexander Avdeev, Hotelier

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