Prepare a Speech or Presentation For An Audience

Edited by Timbuktu, Maria, Charmed, Ephraim and 6 others

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Public speaking is not everyone's cup of tea, but there are circumstances when we can't avoid it. As a student, some subjects require us to prepare a speech and presentation. If talking in front of an audience makes you nervous, this could be a bit of a problem.

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While you may not rid yourself of the fear and shyness at once, having a well-researched presentation and speech can help you gain a little more confidence. Bloopers can possibly happen in a speech presentation but the key from letting it happen is PREPARATION; intensive and extensive preparation.

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Even if it's just a small classroom presentation, client presentation, or a contest, you should be fully prepared for speaking in public. For first-timers or those who want to learn some helpful tips for how to prepare for an effective speech/presentation, you've come to the right place.

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Things to Consider When Preparing a Speech or Presentation

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  1. 1
    Consider your audience.
    The purpose of your speech or presentation should be in accordance with the type of audience you are expected to speak to. Consider the age, gender, profession and many other factors of your audience. While the use of jargon is necessary, be sure to have a ready explanation in layman's term. Say, if you are speaking in front of lawyers, medical jargon may bring some confusion. Explain in a manner which everyone can understand.
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  2. 2
    Choose and Limit your subject.
    When you have to choose a subject matter, consider the amount of time given to you. There are some topics that need more time to be properly dealt with, while other topics are ideal for a short presentation. While it's true that choosing a topic that interests your audience is important, it's also wise to choose a topic that you know. A good topic is one with a wide range of resources available to you.
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  3. 3
    Gather and Organize.
    After deciding on your subject, it is research time. People are lucky nowadays because they've got the internet. With only a click, you can have loads of information. While the internet is filled with a lot of useful information, you should still double check with offline published books. Anyone can publish online nowadays and you might be citing information that isn't accurate – fake facts. Check, check and check. You are not asked for a presentation to bluff but to inform.
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  4. 4
    Make some notes and organize them when you have all what you needed for your final speech.
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  5. 5
    Prepare an Outline.
    Whether it is a contest you are joining or a corporate presentation, having a note card helps. Jot down the important points of your speech. This will serve as your guideline in case you forget some points.
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  6. 6
    Mind Your Gestures.
    As they say action speaks louder than words. Make yourself even more convincing with the use of proper gestures.
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  7. 7
    Practice is the Key.
    Allot ample time for practicing. Memorizing alone will not ensure you won't forget anything during your speech. That is why the outline you prepared will be your greatest aide. In a mirror, or in front of some people you know, practice your speaking speed, gestures and eye contact. Let them be your critics. Ask them where else you needed some improvements. Other people's opinions count.
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Things to Remember DURING the Speech Presentation

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  1. 1
    Eye Contact.
    Always maintain direct eye contact with the audience. This will give them the feeling that you are engaged with them, and they will be with you. This also shows that you are confident and you know what you are talking about.
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  2. 2
    Incorporate Gestures.
    Make use of some gestures but do not overdo it. Pounding the lectern is one way to show conviction; that you stand firm with what you are presenting.
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  3. 3
    Slow Down.
    It is not a race where the fastest speaker wins. Slow down when speaking and make sure you do with clarity. This actually is one of the common mistakes done by speakers. You do not want to make the same mistake, do you?
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  4. 4
    Give Pause.
    Pause – even if for a couple of seconds will do. This practice will give your audience digest a bit what you just said. This can also be a trick you can use while you prepare for your next explanation.
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  5. 5
    Wear the proper attire.
    Most of the time, speakers put on formal attire during presentations. But as a tip: mirror your audience. Just make sure you are not too overdressed for the presentation or under-dressed. Better over-dressed than under-dressed.
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  6. 6
    Always base your speech on facts and not on opinions.
    Remember, it's your job to inform. Statistics will help build your credibility.
    Sharry speech1.jpg
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  • Avoid too tight clothes. You could possibly loose a button or rip your clothes while doing some of your gestures.

Tips, Warnings & Suggestions

  • Do not go for over-sized clothes.
  • Accessorize but do it minimally. Too much of it can only be a distraction to you or your audience like a noisy bangle maybe.
  • Check your teeth for spinach from the salad you had at lunch.
  • Find your place, collect yourself – then begin.
  • If you have problems with any of these steps, ask a question for more help, or post in the comments section below.

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Article Info

Categories : Speech

Recent edits by: Eng, Rebecca M., Maria Sharon Ubando

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