Prepare Good Curriculum Vitae

Edited by Clifford, Nate Pepperell, Ephraim, Christine dela Cruz and 1 other

Many of us will change from one job to another during our life. Sometimes we take special education or training to make us more employable in the future. A well written CV could give you an edge when applying for a new job. It should stand out from the rest as being the most qualified and best candidate for the job you are applying to. Your CV should speak about your qualifications and abilities in the most simple, concise and attractive way. Your CV should have the 3 important key features which are clear, simple and short.

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There are 7 points that you should have in your curriculum vitae

  1. 1
    Personal Details.
    This obviously would include your name address, phone number and email address. If you don't have an email address, do make an effort to make one. As nowadays employer do first contact you through your email address because this is the most convenient way for your future employer to contact you.
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  2. 2
    Education and Training.
    Here is where you outline your educational history. Depending on your case, this usually include from your secondary education up to present. Also include trainings or seminars that you have attended to that you think will make you more qualified for the job you are applying for. Specially for fresh graduates that do not have much experience this is where you could show off what you have achieve in your study that could make you the perfect candidate for the position you are applying for. If you have any extracurricular activities such as joining clubs or society which you think could be an asset, and then make a note of them here.
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  3. 3
    This is where you specify what jobs or occupation that you have undergone. List all jobs that you have done including part time and voluntary jobs that you have especially if you don't have much employment history. Starting with you most recent job lists them together with the month and year or just the year if you have gaps in your employment history that you don't want to be noticed. On every job make sure to include what responsibilities you have and abilities or skills that you have acquire in your past jobs that you think you can use on the position you are currently applying. Show you future employer that you have acquired the right skills that could give you the edge among the others.
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  4. 4
    Other Skills.
    Write in this section other skills that you have that you want your future employer to know about. If you knew basic computer typing or have skills in basic computer software package them you can mention it here. If you have other spoken language that you can fluently use then include it in this section. Think of all your other skills that you have that could make you stand out over the other job hopefuls.
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  5. 5
    Think of this as activities that you spend your time doing when not working. It should show that you are a well rounded person. If you are a member of a community group or a church group then you can put those in here. If you re into sports when not working, you could also mention it here. But stay away from the obvious activities like reading or watching TV or socializing.
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  6. 6
    Personal profile.
    Think of 6 - 7 qualities that you have that could be fitted with the job you are applying for, e.g. hardworking, calm, or a good team worker. These words should describe some facets of your personalities. Then make a short paragraph about your personality using these words.
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  7. 7
    Name two people that can be approached to provide reference for you. Your past employer could be one if you have been in good term with your last employment. This would also indicate that you have a good record regarding your recent past employment. Another approach could be to write 'Reference Available upon request' but be sure that it is truly available when requested.
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On making your Curriculum Vitae, make sure you make an effort to research about the company you are planning to work with. Study the details of the company or the kind of sector you are interested in. Find out the way that they write about themselves. Try and use words that chime with what you have researched so that they will be interested in calling you for interview.

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Different Curriculum Vitae Format

Christinedelacruz Job Application 102.jpg

A curriculum vitae or resume works very much like an advertisement. The only difference is that you are promoting yourself and your skills and capabilities at work and not any product or service.

In this light, of course, you would want to package and brand yourself in the nicest possible way. A curriculum vitae is your chance to have that very first contact with a potential employer. Your main goal is basically to grab attention and create a very good impression to the point that they would be compelled to invite you in for a face-to-face interview. With a bad curriculum vitae, you are stuck and lose any opportunity to represent yourself further.

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The content of a curriculum vitae is equally as important as the manner or format that you used in presenting it. Here are some of the most common types of format:

  1. 1
    Reverse chronological order.
    This format puts first the most recent experiences. For example, your most recent employer would be on top of the list as well as the most recent degree that you gained. This format is ideal for applicants who can show a more stable employment history, as your history will be shown in a very polished way.
    1. Advantages  
      1. It is easy and quick to read. This is the format that companies prefer especially if they are receiving quite a volume of job applications.
      2. There is an emphasis on which companies employed you in the past and what exactly was your role in that company.
      3. It lays out work scope, responsibilities, as well as achievements (if any) per employer.
      4. It gives a quick highlight on an applicant who comes from the same industry and is applying again to a similar industry.
    2. Disadvantages  
      1. Employment gaps are immediately seen if there are any.
      2. Job hopping, if any, becomes very obvious.
      3. There is not enough room to show work or positions taken on in the past which are not very relevant to the candidate's main field, but may be useful to know.
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  2. 2
    Functional format.
    This kind of curriculum vitae showcases specific skills and relevant accomplishments, without necessarily pertaining to a certain time frame or dates. This is most ideal for applicants who have a diverse skill sets, which may or may not be directly connected to one another. For example, you may be a pediatric doctor, but you have also worked in Human Resources in the past, and have been teaching Psychology in the university. These experiences are all not zoomed in at the medical profession only, but are definitely worth highlighting. In this case, it is best to categorize your background according to functions and then it will create a more overall sense to your curriculum vitae.  
    1. Advantages  
      1. There is a reasonable emphasis on the different types of functions that you can do.
      2. It helps the employers not to focus too much on employment gaps if there are any.
      3. Strengths and unique capabilities are the main items to look into.
      4. It removes redundancy of stating exactly the same roles and work scope, in case it happened in two different employers.
      5. It provides the same light to other relevant experiences.
    2. Disadvantages  
      1. It is not as easy and polished to read as the reverse chronological order curriculum vitae. The employer would have to take more time to go through each of the listed items to get an idea which position is most likely suitable.
      2. Career progression is not presented in an organized way since everything is categorized according to functions.
      3. There is not much emphasis on the names of the companies. Therefore, if you worked for a really good company with very good reputation and you would like leverage from this, this may not be the ideal format for you.
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  3. 3
    Combination or Hybrid format.
    This is a combination of the reverse chronological order and functional format. It starts with a map of categorized experiences, skills, qualifications, and major accomplishments. At the lower part, it outlines very briefly in a reverse chronological manner the exact work experiences and education. It is ideal for applicants who looks for the flexibility of a functional format, yet would still prefer to convey a clear picture of how his work history had been.  
    1. Advantages  
      1. It summarizes clearly all the skills that you have gained so far throughout your career.
      2. There is sufficient highlight on major successes, yet, it specifically identifies where and when it was actually achieved because of the detailed layout of work experience.
      3. The curriculum vitae becomes both detailed and targeted to specific areas of work.
    2. Disadvantages  
      1. There is some distraction from the actual work experiences, because the outline of functions and skill sets may be rather lengthy.
      2. Duplication might occur because some skills may have been outlined already in the functions, yet repeated in the work experiences.
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Tips Tricks & Warnings

  • Always check your spelling and grammar.
  • Don't photocopy your CV. Make sure you print off fresh copies each time.
  • Spread the content evenly through the available space, it is kinder on the eye and encourages the reader to continue.

Referencing this Article

If you need to reference this article in your work, you can copy-paste the following depending on your required format:

APA (American Psychological Association)
Prepare Good Curriculum Vitae. (2015). In VisiHow. Retrieved Mar 23, 2017, from

MLA (Modern Language Association) "Prepare Good Curriculum Vitae." VisiHow, Accessed 23 Mar 2017.

Chicago / Turabian "Prepare Good Curriculum Vitae." Accessed Mar 23, 2017.

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Categories : Communications & Education

Recent edits by: Christine dela Cruz, Ephraim, Nate Pepperell

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