Learn Tricks of Photography
Edited by Mohsin, Eulalee, Lynn, Eng and 1 other
Photography appears to be a really easy hobby or profession, but without that "creative eye," you won't be able to take great photos, no matter the quality of your camera. And, even if you have a "good eye" for a great picture and a good quality camera, if you don't know how to use it, you still won't take the best photos.
In this article, I will share the secrets of taking great photos, using the focus methods. All you need to do is read the instructions and try out these tricks on your cam. But first, I will tell you why most people can't take a great photo.
- 1 Why Most People Can't Take A Good Photo
- 2 Methods of Focusing
- 3 Lighting Controls and Conditions
- 4 Elements of Composition
- 5 Using Light in Photography
- 6 Rules in Photography
- 7 Comments
Why Most People Can't Take A Good Photo
- 1They usually move the camera while pressing the button.Advertisement
- 2They usually take the photo in low light.Advertisement
- 3They do not understand the shutter speed which varies according to the light condition.
- 4They usually use flash when too close to an object.
- 5Most people move too close to an object, blurring the picture.
- 6Most people just don't care what kind of photo they are taking.
- 7Most people don't understand the lighting condition.
- 8Most people only use the smart mode, and it will help you to take good photos but other adjustments are needed.
- 9They use zoom and, while pressing the button, shake the camera.
- 10They don't use the exposure very well.
Methods of Focusing
To take a good photo, you need to learn few things. If you know what to do with the focus, you will know what to do at the right time.
Auto Focus helps you to take a photo from Infinity to Macro, meaning from your eye sight to 10 cm close to an object. Infinity is when you are far from the object and when you are 10 cm close to object it's called macro photography. Auto Focus usually helps you maintain the photo blurriness and sharpness and since it focuses according to condition you won't have any problem using it for the first time.
Macro is basically close-up photography. When you are 10 cm close to the object and you want to take a focused photo, switch to the macro mode and measure the 10 cm. The distance from the tip of the middle finger to the centre of your palm is 10 cm. You can also zoom in macro mode which will help you get closer to object.
Super Macro is the ultimate close-up photography. When you are at 1 cm it means that your cam is about to hit the object. Switch to Super Macro and make sure that the subject doesn't move while your are taking the photo. Make sure to use centre focus meter while using this mode; it will help you take a more focused shot in Super Macro.
In Manual Focus, the focal length is set manually by you. This helps you take more stable shots, but if the subject moves, it will ruin the whole photo. This mode is good for taking photos which require more blurriness than focusing. Get close to lights, not too close though, open Manual Focus and then start focusing until it is blurred enough to make stars of light take a photo. It is called bouquet photography.
Lighting Controls and Conditions
Exposure, in photography, refers to the amount of light exposed to the sensor of the camera. Simply put, more exposure will take a bright, noisy photo and less exposure will take a darker, less noisy photo. Exposure levels differ from cam to cam. A simple and cheap digital cam can control exposure to -4 and a professional DSLR can control exposure up to -20 or more. If, for example, you want to take a photo of the sun make sure that the exposure level is set to -4 or below then the sun will be taken as a ball not a bursting flame shot.
ISO is the condition of light. It can help you take bright photos in low light conditions, something that exposure can't handle. ISO level starts from 50 or lower and goes up to 6400 or 12800. More exposure can also increase noise in the photo.
Aperture is a hole through which light travels. In simple terms, the settings of the aperture indicates the amount of light that should be accepted. Aperture starts from f2.8, which means that the hole is at its smallest position and less light will come in, and f8.0 means the hole is completely open and more light will come in. Aperture settings also affect the speed of the shutter and more shutter speed can capture bright photos with the help of a stand. Less shutter speed can capture photos in the brightest daylight.
Now, this is something tricky. Many people completely ignore the effects of shutter speed. More shutter speed can ruin your photo as will less shutter speed. More shutter speed can be used in low light conditions with the help of the cam, and less shutter speed can be used in areas with too much light. If you want to capture light trails, you will need a stand. Set your shutter speed up to 10 seconds and the shutter will capture every frame up to 10 seconds and then give you the results. If you want to take a photo of fire or any other object which is far too bright, lower your shutter speed, it will let in less light and allow you to capture amazing photos.
Elements of Composition
Composition is the way of arranging the elements of pictures. The elements of composition are pattern, symmetry, depth of field, texture, lines.
- Breaking pattern. This is within the repetition of the pattern there is an object the disrupts the constant pattern of design. It can be a change in texture and color.
- 2Balancing elements.But leaving and not including the less important object in the picture is also not right. The less important object can contribute to the overall output of the photo. It provides weight to the photo that makes it balanced. Leaving out this less important object will make the photo empty. It still nice to see a background and supporting role of other objects. Having the important and less important object in the photo will help each other contribute function and makes a good work together. A way of breaking a pattern is to include a focal point and tension to the photo. You do not make the photo look heavy or empty but instead balanced.
- 5Another design in a photo is the lines.
- 6Depth.Putting depth is creativity. This is to enhance a plain photo and not the usual ordinary photo with a clear and stationary background. In depth you can have background, middle ground and foreground. You can also do overlapping. This is done by making the object obscure. A photo is a two-dimensional view you can use depth. Depth is placing object at different distances.
- 8Cropping.Cropping lets you understand the message of the photo by focusing at the specific message of the photo by the less photo provided. You do not need to understand the message by identifying it in all the photo, you can get the brief message at the cropped photo. That is easier and lets you put more time understanding it rather than devoting more time on comprehending all the lots of photos.
Using Light in Photography
- 1Usually photographer take shot of photos at dawn or dusk.This is called the golden times. This is the time when the sunlight is low. And provides a good angle of light to make a nice texture to flat surfaces. The sunlight makes a good effect on the photo and provides shadow. This is the time when light can make good shadows whether sideways or upright.
- 4Buy a new lens.By this you can extend the purpose of lens. Fast lens makes the depth smaller. Fast lens are those with larger lens. This lens can shot at low light without using the flash.
Rules in Photography
- 3To provide direction where the picture leads and where should the viewer look at, you include lines.The lines lead to the main subject. And the lines provides three dimensions instead of a flat surface. Lines can be in the form of fences, walls, telephone wires. Any line that leads a direction. It can lead to a subject which is off-centre. If the lines are focused it will really lead your eyes towards where the line should go.
- 4It is not necessary that you place your objects at the center.You use rule of thirds to help you execute this. But you may not also use rules of thirds as long as you do not put the object at the center.Advertisement
- If you have problems with any of these steps, ask a question for more help, or post in the comments section below.
Categories : Photography
Recent edits by: Eng, Lynn, Eulalee