Increase lung capacity
Edited by Ephraim, Charmed, Nate Pepperell, Anonymous and 12 others
This article will be on how a person can increase their lung capacity. Increasing lung capacity can help you to do a number of activities regardless. When your lung capacity is at a good rate, then you can tackle any activity and stay in the game. There are a number of ways that you can increase your lung capacity and the following article will give you some helpful tips on how to increase your lung capacity. Please note that all of these techniques will need to be done daily in order to successfully master the techniques and to get the most productive results when doing these exercises.
- 1When taking a breath, ensure to breathe deeply in when doing any activity or even just when you are stationary.By doing this you will increase the amount of air that your lungs can absorb. This is basically you taking a big deep breathe, just as you would during an activity when you would want to slow down your heart rate. You do not need to be working out in order to train your lungs as you can do this during any activity that you are doing during the day. While also breathing in deeply, you will need to exhale fully and slowly to fully extend the effectiveness of these breathing techniques. Keep your abdomen relaxed when performing this technique so that your diaphragm can stretch out naturally. If you tense up your abdomen, then your diaphragm will not fully extend out perfectly. If done the right way your abdomen will expand on its own after the diaphragm stretches out on its own. By doing this you are allowing your diaphragm to fully fill itself up and also filling your lung capacity up at the same time, to stretch you diaphragm out in order to collect more oxygen into your lungs. While doing this breathing technique widen up your arms so that you widen your chest up as much as possible to make room for more air.2Other than breathing deeply you need to inhale also but do it enough to fill up at least 80 percent of your lungs, you can measure this percentage by taking a breather and still having enough room for comfort.When inhaling to not hold any air in your cheeks for this is loose air that is in your mouth instead of being in your lungs to help stretch out your lungs. When you suck too much air in you will notice that your muscles will also tighten up when sucking in too much air. When doing this technique understand that you will need to take breaks when doing your breathing techniques for you could unfortunately cause yourself to pass out by doing the technique too many times without a break, while doing this technique also ensure that you do not puff your cheeks out and also that you only need to work your muscles in your body instead of the money in your face.3While holding your breathe you can put your face in water for the water will slow down the heart rate so you will end up holding your breathe longer than you think for your heart will be moving at a slower rate than normal.This is the reason why swimmers have a good lung capacity for their heart rate slows down underwater allowing them to breathe better than normally, so when your heart rate is slowing it doubles your practice in stretching your lungs. When doing this technique you will need to use cold water and not warm water but the warm water will tend to cause your temperature to rise and by this happening your heart rate will increase instead of stabilizing and staying low than with cold water. So when practicing this technique you will need to use cold water in order to help you practice this way.4The classic way of holding your breathe and counting is a good way to increase your lung capacity.When holding your breathe focus on the number 100 for this will be a great goal to reach but understand that you will not make it to this number but whatever number that you stop at will be the number that you can use as a reference point to pass the number you previously stopped at than before. At whatever number you get to and stop remember that number so that you can work to pass that number the next time that you hold your breath and make your count. The best way to count is for you to either use a watch or a clock for you can tend to make your numbers pass by quickly for you are going according to your heart rate instead of keeping everything steady.5After inhaling your breath you will need to exhale as slowly as you can to make it pass out in a steady stream but do not rush your breath at all but take as much time as you can while doing this technique.Doing this technique will keep your capacity from closing back up by releasing the air to fast which in turn will make your lungs go right back to the capacity it was at before you even done the technique. Continue to do this technique right after each other to increase your lung space and keep it from closing back up, this is a technique that you will need to do more than one a day but not too much as you do not want to over use your lungs as it can prove to become a downfall instead of an upgrade to stretching out your lungs.6Exercise in the water if you have a chance to do so, when doing your exercises ensure that you are not only just swimming but doing regular exercises you would do if you weren’t in the water at all.You will basically need to do any kind of exercise you would do if you were in a gym (no weights) such as jumping jacks, lunges etc. These exercises will help for you to increase your capacity for you will be doing exercises that will tired you out but while in the water your heart rate will be down making you build up not only your capacity but also your stamina. Aside from this you will also be contributing to your strength training for you will be in the water which adds to gravity over working out above water. Other than working out you can stretch under water also for this is also a way to increase capacity for it will involve you to have to work out and move which is going to increase your capacity. The more that you exercise in the water the better that your lung capacity will stretch out perfectly, this will improve your respiratory system.7Exercise fully in water for this will help you increase your lung capacity without a doubt, this type of exercising will increase your lung capacity the most and this will be of you swimming instead of regular exercises.Swimming will help for you as you will be exercising and also breathing at the same time to help you to increase your lung capacity. When working out in the water you will need to do this exercise you will need to do it for at least an hour and a half, as for doing it this long and even longer you will increase your capacity to a great percentage. All swimmers lungs use less than ¾ of their lungs capacity than the average person, so this is the reason why simmers have the better lung capacities than any other type of athlete.8Work out in different elevations than you would normally work out in if possible.Choose a location that is higher in elevation whether it being the mountains or choosing a whole other different location altogether. Working out in a different elevation will put stress on you to breathe more than being low to the grown for the higher you are the thinner your oxygen is that you breathe. Also as you get acclimatized to the thin air you will start to build up your lung capacity making your lung capacity be superb when you go back to your regular elevation. Do as much working out as you can at higher elevations for when you return to your regular elevation you will feel the difference in your lung capacity and breathing.9Use the technique of in your nose and out your mouth.This technique builds resistance against your lungs in order to increase your capacity. This is the technique that professional runners use when training and also with any other activity that they participate in for this is the most standard form of breathing. By doing this it also makes your lungs have to hold your air longer to stretch your lungs out and hold the expansion of your lungs longer. The breathing in your nose will hold the air in your lungs longer than breathing through your mouth.10Breathing in your nose and holding it longer than you even think you can, will help for you to expand your lung capacity.Your brain will tell you when you can no longer hold your breath anymore but challenge yourself to hold it past that point. When releasing your air you can force it out of your lungs but ensure to not let the air out smoothly but instead blow out your mouth as slow as possible.
Along with this technique playing an instrument will also help you to expand your lung capacity without a problem. Playing an instrument will definitely help you to expand your capacity, also you will not even notice the change for this will be your regular routine.Contents
- 1 What is Lung Oxygen Capacity?
- 2 Know why you can have limits of your Lung Oxygen Capacity
- 3 Learn how to increase your lung Oxygen Capacity
- 4 How to know if your lung capacity decreased
- 5 Questions and Answers
- 5.1 Do jumping jacks prevent decreased lung capacity?
- 5.2 Does holding your breath increase lung capacity?
- 5.3 How do professional runners increase their lung capacity?
- 5.4 How do you pass the lung capacity for the military?
- 5.5 Is there a way to stretch out your lungs?
- 5.6 How to increase diaphragm capacity?
- 5.7 Does your heart rate have anything to do with your lung capacity?
- 5.8 How to train for lung capacity test?
- 5.9 Inhale completely to fill your lungs?
- 5.10 Should I use my stomach or chest to breathe?
- 5.11 I can't even run around the block, and I'm trying to be a runner, I was wondering if it has anything to do with my lung capacity? I smoked for 20+ years but successfully quit 7 months ago?
- 5.12 How to pass a PFT test for work?
- 6 Comments
What is Lung Oxygen Capacity?
Oxygen is also known as VO2 max. Technically speaking, it is being defined as your maximum amount of oxygen that you use within your body and also as millimeters per Klg (Kilogram) of the body weight per minute and can be find as liters as well (Per minute). A one good example is an athlete that has VO2 or 3.5 liters/ minutes and also closes to 50ml per klg. in every minute. A good example for an athlete is Lance Armstrong who is a racing cyclist with an oxygen capacity of 80’s.
You can measure your own lung capacity by going to any physiology laboratory and request for VO2 max test or field test. Examples of these tests are: Six minute bicycle test and college step test and even the 1 mile jogging test.
Know why you can have limits of your Lung Oxygen Capacity
There are two reasons that your lung can have limitation. First reason is with your muscle tissues may not have its ability to use an oxygen from lungs and heart. One good example is if you have a low (Not very low) level of mitochondria and this will result for limiting your lung oxygen capacity
The second reason is with your heart or your lung that is not providing sufficient or transporting correct or necessary amounts of oxygen going to your whole body or in your muscle tissues. Remember that your heart is not pumping enough blood per beat and blood contains oxygen, this will limit your oxygen capacity.
Learn how to increase your lung Oxygen Capacity
Performing an exercise at least 5 minutes a day (Hard exercise) by separating your complete recovery can help your lung capacity to increase its limit. Increasing you lung capacity is either by doing cycling, jogging and basic exercise that can target to increase your lung capacity. Here are the following suggestion to increase lung capacity:
- 1Warm up your body first by simply pedaling for 5 minute2Do a recovery for every 30 seconds recovery time every after 60 seconds of pedaling.3After the 30 seconds recovery, do a hard pedaling for 5 minutes but do not push yourself if you cannot to a hard pedaling for 5 minutes.Instead, make it 3 minutes or even less up to what you can only then increase it in your next session, just one step at a time.
By doing the suggested exercise to increase your lung capacity 3 times a week, will surely help you shape your lung to increase its capacity and to make other hard exercise routine becomes an easy task and to help you to burn more calories and have more energy in your body.
How to know if your lung capacity decreased
If you have climbed a series of stairs then having a heavy sweating, panting and having very awful muscle soreness, then you lung is not in good shape. This is a very simple test to know if your lung is in good shape and a bit difficult to accept if not. Having a not good lung shape in your body is always your fault, sad but true.
Remember that whatever you do whatever you take in your body would always be in your hand, either for better or for worse. But this is only a natural cycle of life as you who decide what to do with your body. Some of these cases can still build up their lung capacity.
Questions and Answers
Do jumping jacks prevent decreased lung capacity?
Yes. Jumping jacks is a form of a cardiovascular exercise. It has been proven that a cardiovascular exercise can help lung capacity increase, which also means it will prevent the decrease of lung capacity.
The answer is yes, jumping jacks prevent the decrease of lung capacity. The rationale behind it is that when you perform jumping jack exercises or any type of exercises, your body will also increase it's oxygen demand, and therefore, your body physiologically tries to neutralize it by means of increasing your heart rate and your respiration.
By increasing your respiration, you are breathing more rapidly to inhale more air containing oxygen atoms to be properly distributed throughout your body and you are also maximizing your lung's capacity to accommodate the increase of air volume you are inhaling.
If you are just simply breathing normally without doing any strenuous activities, your lung capacity will stays the same or in some instances, will decrease due to atrophy. The medical term "atrophy" means decrease of the organ's size due to lack of use. It means that when you are not properly exercising your lungs, your lung capacity will also decrease due to lack of lung exercise.
To sum all the facts presented, doing a jumping jack exercise will help you properly exercise your lung, and prevent the decrease of your lung capacity.
See more questions like this: Lung capacity exercise jumping jacks
Does holding your breath increase lung capacity?
Yes, you can increase lung capacity by holding your breath. You are training your lungs to take in as much oxygen as it can hold when you inhale and then hold your breath for as long as you can. This trains your lungs to use the oxygen it absorbs as efficiently as it can, before you exhale it. However, you will have to do these breathing exercises gradually. First, make sure that the air condition of the place where you are going to do your breathing exercises is or you will defeat the purpose of your breathing exercise. Secondly, inhale deeply, starting with a count of 10 seconds, then work your way up to 20 seconds, depending on how much you can take in your lung threshold. Then exhale, also slowly. Gradually increase your inhale and exhale count, and over time, you will improve your lung capacity.
Yes, by holding your breath you will be stretching out your lungs in your body thus increasing your lung capacity. This is done by swimmers when they hold their breath to go underwater or swim which is why they have a great form of lung capacity.
See more questions like this: WHY DOES LUNG CAPACITY INCREASE
How do professional runners increase their lung capacity?
high intensity swimming exercises
Professional runners can increase their lung capacity by doing and . In swimming, do numerous 50 or 100 meter swims with in between. If you're on a stationary bike, pedal briskly for 5 minutes numerous times with in between.
All athletes inflate their lungs about an inch more than non-athletes. The main reason for this is the constant physical activities that they perform at an intense levels. With an increased lung capacity, athletes are able to take in more oxygen that will supply their brain and muscles. This regular flow of oxygen enables them to improve their reaction time, alertness, and overall health. Professional runners increase their lung capacity through the following:
- Healthy eating and healthy living. It is a must for runners to make sure that they have a healthy body. They take in foods rich in Vitamin C, E, beta carotene, and iron. These nutrients improve their lung capacity. They also watch their weight so that they can always breathe easily. They avoid smoking to prevent any damage to their lungs and their body’s ability to absorb oxygen. Hydration is also vital to them so that they thin out the mucus in their lungs. Thickened mucus impedes efficient breathing.
- Regular physical activity and strength improvement. Runners spend a lot of time improving their strength through high-intensity exercises. This makes their oxygen delivery a lot faster.
- They also perform interval breathing. This involves a high level of effort in just a short span of time (20 seconds to about 5 minutes) for every repetition. Deep breathing exercises helps improve a runner’s lung capacity as well. Slowly breathing through the nose is done slowly while expanding the chest and diaphragm. This is a very efficient method to increase lung capacity. Engaging in yoga also combines exercise and deep breathing techniques.
Professional runners have their own personalized training regimen to properly increase their lungs capacities. Below are some of the most commonly used lung exercises to to promote the increase in lung capacity:
1. Jogging a few kilometers everyday.
- One of the best way to increase professional runners lung capacities is to jog a few kilometers everyday to make the body adapt and to properly increase the lung capacity. The rationale behind it is that by performing a daily kilometers jog, your body will try to adapt to the increase in oxygen demand and increases the lung capacity in order to properly contain the increase of air volume to be properly distributed throughout the body.
2. Hiking or exercising in high altitude places.
- Another good method used by professional runners in increasing their lung capacities is performing exercises in high altitude places. The rationale behind it lies in the lesser oxygen concentration of air present in high altitude places which makes breathing more difficult which in turn greatly increases their lung capacities.
3. Underwater breathing exercises.
- Another method used by professional runners is by performing an underwater breathing exercises. In this form of exercise, the professional runners tries to hold their breaths while underwater for several seconds up to a minute. The rationale behind it lies in the lung expansion which actually makes the lung expand to its maximum limit leading to an increase in lung capacity.
4. Jumping jack exercises.
- This is also one of the best exercise performed by professional runners. The rationale behind it is that they are actually hitting two birds with one stone in a sense that by performing jumping jack exercises, they are increasing their lung capacities and they are also strengthening their leg muscles making it one of the best exercise by professional runners.
To sum it all up, the above mentioned tips are some of the methods used by professional runners in properly increasing their lung capacities.
How do you pass the lung capacity for the military?
As you know, the military has very strict guidelines for physical fitness and this includes your lungs’ functionality. Before you enter the service, you have to prepare your medical documents, showing that you have a healthy respiratory system. If ever you had a history of asthma, you have to present a medical certificate that proves you have not had an asthma attack since after you turned 13 years old. Receiving a waiver for your condition may entail another medical exam, another application to a special area of the military, and another review by the overseeing authorities. Below are the steps you have to take to pass the lung function test for the military:
- Eat healthy and live healthy. Doing so will enable you to go through the rigorous physical strains of the lung function test. Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol. Smoking damages your lungs, and drinking alcohol dehydrates your cells.
- Provide necessary medical records. These will help the authorities to have a clear cut idea about your respiratory health. You will be instructed about the specific papers you need to prepare.
- Complete DD Form 2807-2 (Medical Prescreen of Medical History Report). Here, you have to provide information about your respiratory health since you were a child.
- Complete Form 40-1-15-E (Supplemental Health Screening Questionnaire) together with DD Form 2807-1. You should indicate any respiratory issues such as asthma, the treatments that you’ve undergone, and the frequency of the episodes.
- Undergo a special consultation. This can have the same schedule as your physical examination. You may undergo the PFT (Pulmonary Function Test) that requires spirometry results before and after physical exertion.
- Cooperate in the medical exam. You will be guided well here by your healthcare provider. Your entire chest and your lungs will also be examined.
There is no lung capacity test in order for you to join the military. Also you can increase your lung capacity for the military by practicing the proper mile run in order to help you gain a better lung capacity.
Is there a way to stretch out your lungs?
Yes, there are certain steps that can be taken to help stretch out the lungs and it involves a lot of exercise. The lungs are like a set of balloons - the more that you stretch it out, the more it will be able to contain more air inside it.
In order to stretch out the lungs, steps for the exercises are provided below.
Yes there are ways to properly stretch out your lungs. The most efficient way to stretch your lungs is to perform deep breathing exercises.
Below are the most common types of lung exercises to properly stretch the lungs:
1. Deep breathing exercise. To perform this type of lung exercise, simply breathe in more air than normal fully expanding your lungs and breathe out slowly, then repeat the process to 10 to 15 times.
2. Deep breathing and holding the breath exercise. Another type of lung exercise is to breathe in more air and try to hold the air for a few seconds and release it then repeat the process.
In these two different types of lung exercises, you are making your lungs to expand to their maximum sizes stretching their lung cells and leads to the increase in lung capacity.
How to increase diaphragm capacity?
- For this exercise, breathe in a huge amount of air through the mouth, dip in the water and while still underwater breathe the air out through the nose. This exercise is an exercise used by most athletic swimmers to help build their tolerance during the swimming workouts. The water acts as a resistance against the body that helps in pushing the body to continue working harder to supply oxygen into the blood.
- Push the body to do a regular 30 minute workout in order to increase the body's capacity to increase the lungs. Aerobic exercises such as cycling, dancing, jogging and even swimming are some of the best and most enjoyable ways to increase lung capacity and lose weight at the same time.
- Environments that are high in elevation have lesser oxygen in the air, so working out in these places will also have the same effect on the body as working out in water. The difference, however, lies in the force being exerted during the hiking process. The hiking trip can be tough on the body, but it will do wonders to increase the lung and diaphragm capacity.
- The same exercise used in singing are the very ones applicable to develop the capacity of the diaphragm. Singing exercises are perfect for practicing proper breathing. One way to determine that proper breathing is being done is by carefully observing the shoulders when breathing. The shoulders should not be in any way moving when inhaling.
- Stand straight and bend over your waist and reach for the toes, then exhale as much of the air possible during the process. Slowly resume standing position while stretching the arms over the head, inhale as much air as possible and hold the air for about 20 seconds. Repeat at least four times.
- To try this, inhale three small breaths via the nose, but do not exhale while doing this. Next, inhale again and raise arms in front of the body at a shoulder level. Then, inhale small breaths again while extending the arms to open wide and over the head. Lastly, exhale all the air and resume to the standing position. Repeat this exercise for at least 8-10 times.
- Lie down on your back and place one hand on your chest with the other on your stomach. Take a deep and slow breath through the nose, and use the diaphragm to draw the air in. The hand on the abdomen should be the one to rise, and not the hand on the chest. This is one indication that proper breathing is being done. Hold the air in for about 10 seconds and exhale all the air via the mouth while counting; you should be able to feel the stomach muscles squeezing as you expel all the air out. Repeat the process five times.
- Release all the air out of the lungs, inhale air again and release it again on the count of two. On the next exhale, hold off your breath until the next count of three. Repeat it again until the eighth number is reached. Do this process all over again.
Some of the breathing exercises here can be used in the water, so go down in the water until it is neck deep, and then begin practicing these helpful breathing exercises to increase the lung capacity. The water resistance causes compression in the body, so the need for more oxygen will be compensated for by the body, by pumping more oxygen into the blood.
The best physical exercise that you can perform in order to help you to increase your diaphragm capacity will be to swim. Swimming will be the best exercise to perform to help you in regards to your diaphragm, lung capacity or breathing.
Does your heart rate have anything to do with your lung capacity?
Yes, your heart rate have a physiologic effect on your lung capacity. One good example is when you go to a high altitude place. Because of the thin air and lesser oxygen present at high altitudes, your body will need enough oxygen to properly meet it's normal physiologic function, thus, it will undergo a homeostatic change just to balance the low oxygen present in the body by increasing your heart rate and your respiratory rate. The increase in heart rate and respiratory rate in the body will greatly increases your lung capacity.
The answer is yes, your heart rate can affect your lung capacity. The rationale behind it is that an increase in heart rate (refers to Tachycardia which means fast heart rate) means that your body needs oxygen to properly meet its oxygen demand caused by physical workout or caused by the presence of less oxygen concentration in the air in high altitude places.
When the oxygen concentration in your body drops due to the above factors, your body will automatically tend to solve this matter by undergoing a homeostatic state by giving a signal to your brain to release hormones that will help in increasing your heart rate.
An increase in heart rate means that your heart pumps more faster than normal to compensate for the less oxygen concentration in the body and to deliver more blood. The blood contains oxygen needed by the cells and organs throughout the body. When doing a physical workout, the cells in your body uses oxygen for them to properly function.
An increase in heart heart also increases your respiratory rate which makes you breathe more rapidly to inhale more oxygen. By breathing more rapidly, you are also exercising your lungs which in turn increases your lung capacity in order to accommodate the volume of air you are inhaling.
To sum it up, heart rate can affect the lung capacity of a person.
See more questions like this: Is good lung capacity indicative of a good heart
How to train for lung capacity test?
The increase in lung capacity is a physiologic response of the body to meet the body's demand for oxygen. To properly explain it in a more simplified way, when your body gets little oxygen due to physical exercises or due to thin air in high altitude places, your body will increase it's heart rate and respiratory rate to get more oxygen and to transport the oxygen to all the parts of the body which is needed by the cells in the body to properly do their assigned jobs. Because of this homeostatic change in the body, the lung capacity also increases to accommodate the larger volume of air which is needed by the body.
Here's a sample diagram to show why lung capacity increases in order:
1. Lack of oxygen (due to exercise or high altitude).
2. your body detect the low oxygen an triggers a homeostatic response.
3. Increases your heart and respiratory rate.
4. Increases blood volume and circulation in the body.
4. Increases your lung capacity.
5. Your body will now get the required oxygen.
The best way for you to train for a lung capacity test will be for you to train holding your breath for a certain length of time. This will help you to expand your lung capacity. You can do this by holding your breath underwater at different times in order to help train your lungs. Most people who swim have a good lung capacity.
Inhale completely to fill your lungs?
Inhaling completely means taking in air as much as you could to fill your lungs. In regards to increasing lung capacity, inhaling completely to fill your lungs with air several times daily will greatly enhance your lung capacity. The rationale behind it is that your alveoli, which are the small air sacs located inside your lungs, will expand to their full sizes during your deep breathing exercises which efficiently improves your lung capacity. When you daily performed deep breathing exercises, your alveoli efficiently improves their elasticity allowing them to stretch their maximum sizes as they are properly filled with air during your deep inhalation. On the contrary, when you are not performing daily deep breathing exercises, your alveoli will atrophy and weaken their elasticity making your lung capacity at a moderate or minimum. In general, inhaling completely to fill your lungs with air as your daily deep breathing exercise will help you efficiently increase your lung capacity.
Should I use my stomach or chest to breathe?
Proper breathing or respiration is important to ensure optimal body functions. In this light, there is a dilemma as to what is better or healthier as far as respiratory functions is concerned - chest breathing or stomach breathing?
Chest breathing is described as a shallow or quick type of respiration which involves the only the upper lobes of the lungs. There is only minimal usage of the lungs as the chest muscles expand and contract accordingly without the help of the abdominal walls. With the use of the chest for breathing, there is relatively very minimal amount of oxygen delivered into the bloodstream. Such type of breathing is not recommended as it is even somewhat linked to "hyperventilation" or "dyspnea" which is associated to difficulty in breathing.
Stomach breathing or also commonly referred to as respiration with the use of the diaphragm or belly makes use of your entire lungs in the respiration process ensuring that adequate oxygen supply is delivered; thus nourishing and replenishing varied organ systems and tissues of the body. The inhalation and exhalation part becomes a slow and steady process which ensures that there is enough oxygen intake and carbon dioxide release to strike that healthy balance. In this process, the abdominal muscles expand and contract vigorously while there is very minimal expansion observed in the chest muscles. This is the recommended way to do proper respiration which also converts more oxygen into robust energy which can be used for extended periods of time.
I can't even run around the block, and I'm trying to be a runner, I was wondering if it has anything to do with my lung capacity? I smoked for 20+ years but successfully quit 7 months ago?
I was Just wondering if I will ever be able to run a long distance
VisiHow QnA. This section is not written yet. Want to join in? Click EDIT to write this answer.
How to pass a PFT test for work?
I need to pass a PFT test for work. I took it a couple of weeks ago they require that you have a value of 80 or higher for two test. I got in the high 80s for the first value and 78 for the second. Can you provide me with a way to pass it and get my second number up
VisiHow QnA. This section is not written yet. Want to join in? Click EDIT to write this answer.
- If you have problems with any of these steps, ask a question for more help, or post in the comments section below.
Categories : Health & Wellness
Recent edits by: tbilse, Melsan, Inukshuk
Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 8,849 times.