Find Equivalent Weights and Measures

Edited by Robbi

Finding Weights and Measurements

The ancient Egyptians based their measurements on the proportions of the body. Our word 'mile' comes from the Roman mille which is meant '1000 paces'.

Most countries now use the metric system for measuring lengths, distances and so on. The metric system is a decimal system (based on the number 10)that was first used in France in the late 1700s.

Another system was used for a long time in Britain and the United States, that is known as the imperial system. That system is still in place today in many areas. Knowing the equivalents is necessary in order to find measurements for dry goods or recipes. Below are a few of the equivalent measurements.

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Common Cooking Equivalents

Liquid Conversion

  • 1 cup �" 8 fluid ounces �" 1/2 pint �" 237 ml
  • 2 cups �" 16 fluid ounces �" 1 pint -474 ml
  • 4 cups �" 32 fluid ounces �" 1 quart �" 946 ml
  • 2 pints �" 32 fluid ounces �" 1 quart �" 0.964 liters
  • 4 quarts �" 128 fluid ounces -1 gallon -3.784 liters
  • 8 quarts �" one peck
  • dash- �" less than 1/4 teaspoon
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Dry or Solid Conversion

  • 3 teaspoons �" 1 tablespoon �" 1/2 ounce �" 14.3 grams
  • 2 tablespoons �" 1/8 cup �" 1 fluid ounce�" 28.3 grams
  • 4 tablespoons �" 1/4 cup �" 2 fluid ounces�" 56.7 grams
  • 5 1/3 tablespoons�" 1/3 cup�" 2.6 fluid ounces�" 75.6 grams
  • 8 tablespoons�" 1/2 cup�" 4 ounces�" 113.4 grams�" 1 stick margarine
  • 12 tablespoons �" 3/4 cup �" 6 ounces �" .375 pound �" 170 grams
  • 32 tablespoons �" 2 cups �" 16 ounce�" 1 pound �" 453.6 grams
  • 64 tablespoons�" 4 cups�" 32 ounces �" 2 pounds�" 907 grams
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Converting Common Measurements

  • Decimal System: A number system based on units of 10 and using decimal notation.
  • Imperial System: A system of weights and measures originally developed in England.
  1. 1
    Length:
    inches, feet, yards{
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  2. 2
    Area:
    square feet, acres
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  3. 3
    Weight:
    pounds, ounces,
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  4. 4
    Volume:
    fluid ounces, gallons
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Weights and Measurements Formula

  • Length
  1. 1
    millimetre (mm)
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  2. 2
    10mm = 1 centimetre (cm)
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  3. 3
    100cm = 1 metre (m)
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  4. 4
    1000m = 1 kilometre
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  • Imperial Units
  1. 1
    inch (in)
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  2. 2
    12in = 1foot (ft)
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  3. 3
    3ft = 1 yard (yd)
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  4. 4
    1760 yd = 1 mile = 5280 ft
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  • Area
  1. 1
    Metric units
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  2. 2
    square millimetre (mm2)
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  3. 3
    100 mm2 = 1 square centimetre (cm2)
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  4. 4
    10,000 cm2 = 1 square metre (m2)
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  5. 5
    100 m2 = 1 are(a) = 1 square decametre
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  6. 6
    100 a = 1 hectare (ha)
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  7. 7
    100 ha = 1 square kilometre (km2)
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  • Imperial unis
  1. 1
    square inch (in2)
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  2. 2
    144 in2 = 1 square foot(ft2)
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  3. 3
    9 ft2 = 1 square yard (yd2)
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  4. 4
    4840 yd2 = 1 acre
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  5. 5
    640 acres = 1 square mile (mile2)
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  • Volume
  1. 1
    Metric units
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  2. 2
    cubic millimetre (mm3)
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  3. 3
    1000 mm3 = cubic centimetre (cm3)
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  4. 4
    1000 cm3 = 1 cubic decimetre (dm3)= 1 litre
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  5. 5
    1000 dm3 = 1 cubic metre (m3)
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  • Imperial units
  1. 1
    cubic inc (in3)
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  2. 2
    1728 in3 = 1 cubic foot (ft3)
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  3. 3
    27 ft3 = 1 cubic yard (yd)
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  • Capacity
  1. 1
    Metric units
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  2. 2
    millilitre (ml)
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  3. 3
    1000 ml = 1 litre (l)
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  4. 4
    100 l = 1 hectolitre (hl)
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  • Imperial units
  1. 1
    gill
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  2. 2
    4 gills = 1 pint
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  3. 3
    2 pints = 1 quart
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  4. 4
    4 quarts = 1 gallon = 277.247 in3
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  • Apothecaries' fluid
  1. 1
    minim (min)
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  2. 2
    60 min = fluid drachm (fl dr)
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  3. 3
    8 fl dr = 1 fluid ounce (fl oz)
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  4. 4
    5 fl oz = 1 gill
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  5. 5
    20 fl oz = 1 pint
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  • US units
  1. 1
    1 US gallon (liquid) = 0.8327 gallon (imp)
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  2. 2
    1 US gallon (dry) = 0.9689 gallon (imp)
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  3. 3
    1 fluid oz US) = 1.0408 fl oz (apoth)
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  4. 4
    16 fl oz (US) = 1 US pint
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  • Weight
  1. 1
    Metric units
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  2. 2
    milligram (mg)
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  3. 3
    1000 mg = 1 gram (g)
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  4. 4
    1000 g = 1 kilogram (kg)
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  5. 5
    100 kg = 1 quintal (q)
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  6. 6
    1000 kg = 1 metric ton (t)
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  • Imperial Units (Avoirdupois)
  1. 1
    ounce (oz)
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  2. 2
    16 oz = 1lb
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  3. 3
    14 lb = 1 stone
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  4. 4
    112 lb = 1 hundredweight (cwt)
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  5. 5
    20 cwt = 1 (long) ton = 2240 lb
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  6. 6
    2000 lb = 1 short ton (US)
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  • Nautical Measurement
  1. 1
    1 fathom = 6ft
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  2. 2
    1 nautical mile (international) = 1.151 statute mile (= 1852 metres)
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  3. 3
    60 nautical miles = 1 degree
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  4. 4
    1 knot = 1 nautical mile per hour
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  • Some Useful Conversion Factors
  1. 1
    1 acre = 0.4047 hectares
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  2. 2
    1centimetre = 0.3937 inch
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  3. 3
    1 cubic centimetre = 0.0610 cubic inch
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  4. 4
    1 foot = 0.3048 metre = 30.48 centimetre
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  5. 5
    1 gallon (imperial) = 4.546 litre
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  6. 6
    1 gram = 0.0353 ounce
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  7. 7
    1 hectare = 2.4710 acres
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  8. 8
    1 kilogram = 2.2046 pounds
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  9. 9
    1 kilometre = 0.6214 mile
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  10. 10
    1 litre = 0.220 gallon(imperial) = 0.2642 gallon(US) = 1.7598 pints(imperial)
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  11. 11
    1 metre = 39.3701 in = 3.2808 ft = 1.0936 yd
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  12. 12
    1 metric ton= 0.9842 long ton = 1.1023 short ton
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  13. 13
    1 mile (statute) = 1.6093 kilometres
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  14. 14
    1 mile(nautical) = 1.852 kilometre
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  15. 15
    1 millimetre = 0.03937 inch
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  16. 16
    1 ounce = 28.350 grams
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  17. 17
    1 pint (imperial) = 0.5683 litre
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  18. 18
    1 pound = 0.4536 kilogram
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  19. 19
    1 ton (long) = 1.0160 metric tons
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  20. 20
    1 ton (short) = 0.9072 metric ton
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  21. 21
    1 yard = 0.9144 metre
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Questions and Answers

Equivalent weights and measure including temperature conversions?

Equivalent weights and measure including temperature conversions

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