Do Karate Blocks

Edited by Seighart, Ephraim, Lynn, Eng and 2 others

Karate defense begins with strong blocking techniques. Use your hands and arms to strike or block off the kicks and blows of your attacking opponent. Use your blocking hand on the same side as your forward foot. That is, if your left foot is in front, then use your left hand or arm to block. At the same time your upper body should be turned at about a 45-degree angle to give a smaller target to your attacker. Turn or Twist your hip sharply as you focus your block. If you were to use the opposite hand to block, both the block and body balance would be weaker.

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The Low Block

LowSectionBlock.gif

This block is very good against kicks and punches to the stomach or the groin area. It can be used from either the forward or horse stance. To practice or perform this block:

  1. 1
    Stand in natural or ready stance and bring your right fist across your chest up to your opposite ear.
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  2. 2
    The palm of your hand should be facing your ear at the start.
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  3. 3
    Keep your left arm in front of your body with your fist about 8 inches away from your thigh.
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  4. 4
    Bring your right hand downwards across your chest, while pulling your left hand back straight to your hip in a sharp twisting motion.
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  5. 5
    Focus your block strongly about 8 inches in front of your right thigh.
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  6. 6
    The outer edge of your wrist or your fist becomes the blocking area.
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Outside Forearm Block

Sometimes called the middle block, the outside forearm block protects your chest and stomach area. The outer edge of your forearm is used to block of the opponents blow - the block being made from the outside position of your body towards the inside and the stopping about the middle of your body. This block is often used from both the forward and horse stance. To practice or perform the block simply do the following:

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  1. 1
    Start by raising your right fist up next to your ear, with your knuckles facing front.
    Outsid.JPG
    Hold your left hand out straight in front of your body.
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  2. 2
    Bring your right fist forward sharply now in a circular movement, at a slight downward angle.
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  3. 3
    At the last instant, twist your right forearm quickly so that the palm of your fist is facing you.
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  4. 4
    Pull your left hand back to your hip strongly, to add power to the block.
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The High Block

High-block.jpg

Your face and neck areas can be most easily protected with the high block. Block your opponent's blow by an upward twisting motion of your blocking arm. Most karatekas prefer the forward stance when using this block. To perform or practice it simply:

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  1. 1
    Take a natural stance and cock your right fist just above your hip, with your left hand held out straight in front of your body.
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  2. 2
    Take palm of your right fist should be facing upwards at this stage.
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  3. 3
    Bring your right hand across your chest and upwards under your chin.
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  4. 4
    Raise your blocking arm with an upward, twisting motion of your forearm.
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  5. 5
    Focus the block strongly just above your head, while pulling your left hand back to your hip hard.
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  6. 6
    The palm of your blocking hand should now be facing front.
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Knifehand Block

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The knifehand block usually follows from a back stance although it can be used as well from the other stances. To form a correct knifehand, try to keep your four fingers pressed together. Bend your thumb and force it outward so that the heel of your palms remains flat. Do not bend your wrist. Use the outer edge of your knifehand as the blocking surface. You can follow these steps to perform the block.

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  1. 1
    Start with your right hand held straight in front of your body.
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  2. 2
    Raise your left hand to your opposite ear with the palm of your knifehand facing the ear.
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  3. 3
    Bring your left hand across your chest now to the opposite side of your body.
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  4. 4
    Focus the block against your opponent's punch by moving your left arm in the direction of the punch.
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  5. 5
    Twist your forearm hard as the blow arrives and the tense of the chest muscles while pulling your right hand back to your chest, palm upwards.
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The X Block

X Fist Block and Axe Kick l opt1.jpg

This is a good, fast block against all type of attacks to your face and neck. It requires very little strength. To perform simply follow these:

  1. 1
    Cross your hands in front of your chest with either open hands or closed fists.
    Keep your hands open if you intend to grab your opponent's arm after the block
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  2. 2
    Quickly raised your crossed hands above your forehead.
    Be sure to keep your elbows in-line with your body since the block will be weak if your elbows are allowed to spread.
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Do you practice karate blocks on both sides?

Yes, the reason to practice the blocks on both sides is to make sure you are strong and can defend yourself from a potential attack from either side in a fight. If you continue to only block from one side, you will have some weakness which is something you want to limit as much as you can when fighting or developing your techniques. There is no way to be perfect, but you can at least train yourself for what might come or might not. Even though you may feel you have the power and ability to block attacks from the other side without practice, understand that practice creates muscle memory. Without practicing you may not respond as quickly, which can land you in a great deal of trouble. Practice blocking on both sides will help to give you a more balanced defense technique rather than a defense technique with obvious flaws.

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Article Info

Categories : Combat Sports

Recent edits by: Charmed, Eng, Lynn

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