Design Your Own T-Shirt

Edited by Emmanuel M. Lardizabal, Eng, Anonymous, Lynn and 2 others

Asset101.1221 shirt white.jpg

Tee shirts were originally designed to provide some warmth and, by design, allow for wicking away moisture from the skin. Today they have evolved into something a great deal more than that. These days, tee shirts are wearable art - a means of self expression and are a fun art form. Designing your own tee shirt means letting your imagination go wild and being able to say exactly what you want to say to the world. Tee shirts are so popular there are even tee shirts for your pets Learn how to design your own tee shirt with our helpful How to wiki.

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Things needed to design a T-shirt using dye

  1. 1
    Plain white T-shirts.
    Plain white shirt.jpg
    The T-shirts need to be white in color for us to see the effect of the dye. If you will use black plain T-shirt then you will not be able to see the effect of the dye. If you used black or colored shirts, best to follow the other steps in designing your T-shirt which is designing shirt by printing.
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  2. 2
    Dye.
    Dye.jpg
    You can use different colors of your choice in using dye when designing your T-shirt. The dye will be used to color the plain white clothes. Since it will be absorbed by the clothes and it will give color to them.
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  3. 3
    Big pot with water.
    Pot with water.jpg
    The big pot will be used in boiling water that is needed in making a design for your T-shirt. To clean the shirt, the water needs to be hot or boiling. The dye will also be mixed in the boiling water where the T-shirts will be soaked in later on.
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  4. 4
    Rubber band.
    Rubber bands.jpg
    It will be used to tie the shirt for it to have a design. You can tie any part of the shirt using a rubber band before soaking it to the big pot with boiling water and dye. The tied part will take care of the design. This is why it it sometimes called "tie-dye." Check the photo to see the result.
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Steps

  1. 1
    Get a big pot and put water on it.
    Pot with boiling water.jpg
    Put water on it and light it. Wait until the water boils.
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  2. 2
    When the water is boiling, put the dye of your favorite color.
    Different colors of dye.jpg
    Do not mix all dyes. The mixture may produce only black color. You can try two colors to form a different color. You can refer to a color wheel for resultant color combinations. For instance, combining yellow and green will give you yellow green. Don't try to mix a primary color with secondary color for it may not produce satisfactory results. For instance, the combination of black and violet will also produce a black color. Take note that the ratio of the dye that you will mix in the pot is directly proportional to the number of shirts you are going to soak. Therefore, ten shirts are equivalent to ten dyes. You can equally divide the number of dyes, as long as you have the same number of shirts against dyes.
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  3. 3
    Tie all the shirts using the rubber band.
    Tie dye.jpg
    Make sure that the shirts are tied securely to avoid getting loose while soaking in the pot of boiling water and dye. Use caution when soaking as you may scald yourself from the hot pot. You can use a thong in putting the shirts in the pot to avoid getting burned or scalded. Make sure that the number of shirts put in the pot would be enough so as every shirt is submerged into the boiling water. Afterwards, stir the shirts soaked in the boiling water.
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  4. 4
    Make sure to soak the shirts in the boiling water for 20-30 minutes stirring it every 2 minutes.
    Tie dye process.jpg
    Stirring equally distributes the dye so the every shirt soaked absorbs the dye.
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  5. 5
    After boiling the shirts for 20-30 minutes, remove the shirt from the pot.
    Cool them and remove the rubber bands.
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  6. 6
    Finally, when you have removed the rubber bands, hang the shirts under the sun and wait until it gets dry.
    Asset101.1221 Shirtdye.jpg
    After drying the shirts, they should be washed in the regular process of washing clothes before using.
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Screen Printing

Materials needed for Screen Printing

  1. 1
    Printing Screen using Stencil Method.
    Stencil.jpg
    The printing screen will facilitate the transfer of the design on the shirt. With the stencil method, you have to prepare the design ahead of time. The actual design will be carved off the paper.
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  2. 2
    Printing using the Silk Screen Method.
    Photo emulsion.jpg
    With this method, a frame of wood with an attached silk is prepared. The silk requires to be washed with soap and rinse using a pressured spray. This assures that all the spaces between the fibers of the silk are clean. You will then have to apply a photo emulsifier on both sides of the silk screen using a squeegee. After applying the photo emulsion, let it dry overnight.
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  3. 3
    Squeegee.
    Squeegee.jpg
    This will be your "brush" for the paints.
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  4. 4
    You should also make a box where a 20-watt bulb is placed inside.
    Direct heat of the sun.jpg
    This is where you will "cook" your design. If this is not feasible, you can use the heat of the sun as your heat source for the meantime.
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  5. 5
    The next day, the silk screen will then be ready.
    Washing area for silk screen.jpg
    Prepare a cardboard, a black cloth with the same size as the silk screen and glass that have the same size as your silk screen. Stack the materials in this order starting at the bottom: cardboard, black cloth, silk screen, transparency and glass. Leave them in the direct heat of the sun. After 2 to 3 minutes, take the materials inside. Get the silk screen and wash it using a sprayer. As you spray directly on the screen, you will see that the design is starting to show on the silk screen.
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  6. 6
    Cloth or Textile Paints.
    Textile paints.jpg
    The textile paints will take care of the design. Depending on your chosen design, the colors will vary. For beginners, it is advisable to use one color. The paints you want to use may vary from what you want. If you will be printing on dark clothes then probably the best paint to use are light colored paints and Vice Versa.
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  7. 7
    Work table and newspapers.
    Work table.jpg
    The newspapers will be placed on the table to protect the table from drips of paint.
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Steps

  1. 1
    Choose the design for the silk screen printing.
    Design for silk screen printing.jpg
    After you have decided on a design, you should print it on a transparency using a laser printer. You can start with your name and move on to a more complex design when you have mastered the process.
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  2. 2
    Cover your work table with newspapers to prevent it from being painted.
    Work table.jpg
    You can apply two to three newspapers to make sure the table won't get any paint.
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  3. 3
    Get the shirt and put it on top of the table covered with newspaper.
    Silk screen printing.jpg
    The part of the shirt to be printed should be the one which is seen. Get the printing or silkscreen, textile paint and squeegee. Place the printing or silk screen on top of the shirt. Put enough amount of paint on the squeegee. Apply the squeegee with the paint on the silk screen swiping downwards. Repeat if necessary.
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  4. 4
    Carefully lift the silk screen from the shirt and hang it to dry.
    Asset101.1221 printed tshirt 1.jpg
    It is advisable to wash the shirt before using because it will reek the scent of paint causing the wearer to get nauseous.
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Do's and don'ts

  1. 1
    Keep the paint from a child's reach.
    Paint is highly volatile. It is dangerous for children to play with.
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  2. 2
    Keep your materials in a safe place as you may need it when you choose to do another printing project.
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  3. 3
    Keep children away from your work area like you would keep children away from the stove when cooking.
    The process of tie-dye is dangerous to children as silk screen printing using textile paint.
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  4. 4
    Always check the clothes soaked in the boiling water, and stir it so that the dye will be mixed properly.
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  5. 5
    When printing using the silk screen or stencil screen printing, do not put large amounts of paint since it may overlap while you are printing.
    The shirt also will absorb the paint. As the shirt absorbs the paint, it will scatter and ruin your design.
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  6. 6
    Refrain from moving the printing screen because if you keep on moving it, the result of the print would be different from what you are expecting.
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Categories : Arts & Crafts

Recent edits by: Olivia, Lynn, Anonymous

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