Design Your Own T-Shirt

Edited by Emmanuel M. Lardizabal, Eng, Lynn, Olivia and 2 others

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Asset101.1221 shirt white.jpg

T-shirts were originally designed to provide some warmth and, by design, allow for wicking moisture away from the skin. Today they have evolved into something a great deal more than that. These days, tee shirts are wearable art - a means of self-expression, and a way to advertise. Designing your own tee shirt means letting your imagination go wild and saying exactly what you want to say to the world. Tee shirts are so popular there are even tee shirts available for your pets. Learn how to design your own tee shirt with our helpful How to wiki.

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Make a Tie-Dye T-Shirt

Things Needed to Design a Tie-Dye T-Shirt

  1. 1
    Plain white T-shirts
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    Plain white shirt.jpg
    The T-shirts need to be white to be able to see the effects of the dye. If you really want to use black or colored shirts, it's better to print on them in contrasting colours, rather than dye them.
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  2. 2
    Dye
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    Dye.jpg
    You can use different colors of dye when designing your T-shirt. Since it will be absorbed by the fabric, it will give color to them.
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  3. 3
    Big pot of water
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    Pot with water.jpg
    This is where you'll boil the water to clean the T-shirt, as well as mix the dye.
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  4. 4
    Rubber band
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    Rubber bands.jpg
    These will be used to tie the shirt in order to create interesting designs.
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Steps

  1. 1
    Get a big pot and put water on it
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    Pot with boiling water.jpg
    Put it on the stove on high and wait for it to boil.
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  2. 2
    Tie all the shirts using the rubber band
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    Tie dye.jpg
    You can do this while you're waiting for the water to boil. Make sure that the shirts are tied securely to avoid coming loose while soaking in the pot of boiling water and dye. Take a handful of the t-shirt, like a ponytail 2-4 inches in length, and secure the "ponytail" with an elastic. Do this however many times you want to over the entire shirt. Where you create the "ponytail" will be like the centre of a bulls eye – in your design.
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  3. 3
    Organize the dyes
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    When the water is boiling, add the dye of your desired color.
    Different colors of dye.jpg
    Do not mix all dye colours together. The mixture may end up producing the color black. You can try two colors to form a different color. You can refer to a color wheel for resultant color combinations. For instance, combining yellow and green will give you yellow green. Don't try to mix a primary color with secondary color for it may not produce satisfactory results. For instance, the combination of black and violet will also produce a black color. Take note that the ratio of the dye that you will mix in the pot is directly proportional to the number of shirts you are going to soak. Therefore, ten shirts are equivalent to ten dyes. You can equally divide the number of dyes, as long as you have the same number of shirts against dyes.
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  4. 4
    Soak the t-shirt/s
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    Make sure to soak the shirts in the boiling water for 20-30 minutes stirring it every 2 minutes.
    Tie dye process.jpg
    Stirring equally distributes the dye so the every shirt soaked absorbs the dye.
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  5. 5
    Use caution when stirring as you may scald yourself from the hot water
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    You can use a thong in putting the shirts in the pot to avoid getting burned or scalded. Make sure that the number of shirts put in the pot would be enough so as every shirt is submerged into the boiling water.
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  6. 6
    After boiling the shirts for 20-30 minutes, remove the shirt from the pot
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    Cool them before removing the rubber bands.
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  7. 7
    Finally, when you have removed the rubber bands, hang the shirts under the sun and wait until they dry
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    Asset101.1221 Shirtdye.jpg
    After drying the shirts, they should be washed in the regular wash. Wash them alone and add some salt to the water.
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Screen Printing

Materials needed for Screen Printing

  1. 1
    Screen Printing using Stencil Method
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    Stencil.jpg
    The printing screen will facilitate the transfer of the design to the shirt. With the stencil method, you have to prepare the design ahead of time. The actual design will be carved into the paper. REMEMBER – if you are adding letters to your stencil, they need to be applied backward to the t-shirt.
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  2. 2
    Printing using the Silk Screen Method
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    Photo emulsion.jpg
    With this method, a frame of wood with an attached silk is prepared. The silk requires to be washed with soap and rinsed using a pressured spray. This assures that all the spaces between the fibres of the silk are clean. You will then have to apply a photo emulsifier on both sides of the silk screen using a squeegee. After applying the photo emulsion, let it dry overnight.
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  3. 3
    Squeegee
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    Squeegee.jpg
    This will be your "brush" for the paints.
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  4. 4
    You should also make a box where a 20-watt bulb is placed inside
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    Direct heat of the sun.jpg
    This is where you will "cook" your design. If this is not feasible, you can use the heat of the sun as your heat source for the meantime.
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  5. 5
    The next day, the silk screen will then be ready
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    Washing area for silk screen.jpg
    Prepare a cardboard, a black cloth with the same size as the silk screen and glass that have the same size as your silk screen. Stack the materials in this order starting at the bottom: cardboard, black cloth, silkscreen, transparency and glass. Leave them in the direct heat of the sun. After 2 to 3 minutes, take the materials inside. Get the silk screen and wash it using a sprayer. As you spray directly on the screen, you will see that the design is starting to show on the silk screen.
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  6. 6
    Cloth or Textile Paints
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    Textile paints.jpg
    The textile paints will take care of the design. Depending on your chosen design, the colors will vary. For beginners, it is advisable to use one color. The paints you want to use may vary from what you want. If you will be printing on dark colors then probably the best paint to use are light colored paints, or metallic paints, and Vice Versa.
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  7. 7
    Work table and newspapers
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    Work table.jpg
    The newspapers will be placed on the table to protect the table from drops of paint.
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Steps

  1. 1
    Choose the design for the silkscreen printing
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    Design for silk screen printing.jpg
    After you have decided on a design, you should print it on a transparency using a laser printer. You can start with your name and move on to a more complex design when you have mastered the process.
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  2. 2
    Cover your work table with newspapers to prevent it from being painted
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    Work table.jpg
    You can apply two to three newspapers to make sure the table won't get any paint.
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  3. 3
    Get the shirt and put it on top of the table covered with newspaper
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    Silk screen printing.jpg
    The part of the shirt to be printed should be the one which is seen. Get the printing or silkscreen, textile paint and squeegee. Place the printing or silkscreen on top of the shirt. Put enough amount of paint on the squeegee. Apply the squeegee with the paint on the silk screen swiping downwards. Repeat if necessary.
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  4. 4
    Carefully lift the silk screen from the shirt and hang it to dry
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    Asset101.1221 printed tshirt 1.jpg
    It is advisable to wash the shirt before using because it will reek the scent of paint causing the wearer to get nauseous.
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Things To Do and Not To Do

  1. 1
    Keep the paint from the reach of children reach
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    Paint is highly volatile. It is dangerous for children.
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  2. 2
    Keep your materials in a safe place as you may need it when you choose to do another printing project.
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  3. 3
    Keep children away from your work area like you would keep children away from the stove when cooking
    .
    The process of tie-dye is dangerous to children, as is silkscreen printing using textile paint.
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  4. 4
    Always check the clothes soaked in the boiling water, and stir it so that the dye will be mixed properly.
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  5. 5
    When printing using the silk screen or stencil screen printing, do not put large amounts of paint since it may overlap while you are printing
    .
    The shirt also will absorb the paint. As the shirt absorbs the paint, it will scatter and ruin your design.
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  6. 6
    Refrain from moving the printing screen because if you keep on moving it, the result of the print would be different from what you are expecting.
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  7. 7
    When silk-screening, you basically just get one pass with the squeegee
    .
    If you try it twice, it will become blurred.
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Referencing this Article

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APA (American Psychological Association)
Design Your Own T-Shirt. (2017). In VisiHow. Retrieved Mar 27, 2017, from http://visihow.com/Design_Your_Own_T-Shirt

MLA (Modern Language Association) "Design Your Own T-Shirt." VisiHow, visihow.com/Design_Your_Own_T-Shirt Accessed 27 Mar 2017.

Chicago / Turabian VisiHow.com. "Design Your Own T-Shirt." Accessed Mar 27, 2017. http://visihow.com/Design_Your_Own_T-Shirt.

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Article Info

Categories : Arts & Crafts

Recent edits by: mahalia jovita b. bugasto, Olivia, Lynn

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