Construct Possessive in Arabic Language

Edited by Hotelier, priya, Eng, Anonymous

Hello, and thank you for watching VisiHow. Today, we will show you how to create the possessive construction, which is also called an "idafah", in the Arabic language. This does get a little bit tricky, but we will show you the basic possessive construction. We need to keep a few rules in mind. The possessive construction is composed of two nouns immediately following each other.

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Steps

  1. 1
    The first noun will be indefinite, and it is the thing being possessed.
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  2. 2
    The second noun is usually definite.
    It's in the gentitive case, and it is the possessor.
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  3. 3
    If the first noun ends in a taa marbuuta, which is the ending tied taa, the "t" should be pronounced.
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  4. 4
    If the possessor for the second noun is a proper name, we do not use "al".
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  5. 5
    We have two possessive constructions at the bottom of the board to illustrate these points.
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  6. 6
    The first construction is, "Suzanne's book".
    We need to put the thing that is being possessed first, which will be "book". The possessor, which is "Suzanne", is second.
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  7. 7
    "Book" in Arabic is "kitaab".
    It is written kaaf, taa, alif, baa.
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  8. 8
    Then, we have "Suzanne".
    We do not say "al Suzanne" because it is a proper name, so we do not use "al". "Kitaab Suzanne" is "Suzanne's book".
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  9. 9
    We also have the construction, "the girl's name".
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  10. 10
    The thing being possessed in this construction is "name", which is "ism" in Arabic.
    It is written alif, siim, miim.
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  11. 11
    The possessor is "the girl", which will take "al", the definite article.
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  12. 12
    "Girl" is "bint", so "the girl" will be "al bint".
    This is the second term of the "idafah", which will be in the gentitive case.
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  13. 13
    This does conclude today's tutorial on how to create a possessive construction, also called an idafah, in the Arabic language.
    If you do have any questions, comments or suggestions, please leave them in the space below.
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Categories : Language

Recent edits by: Eng, priya, Hotelier

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