Best Historical Sites in New England Part One In Maine vs Vermont vs Connecticut

Edited by Kathy McGraw, Maria, Inukshuk

The states that comprise New England were among the original 13 American Colonies, so much of the early history of the United States resides there. From pre-colonial fortifications to Revolutionary War battles, you can walk the path of our forefathers and get a sense of the world they way they saw it. In addition, grand mansions and estates tell the tale of the rise of the American merchant class, and later the industrialists that dominated the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Here, we explore the historical sites in three of the six, Maine, Vermont, and Connecticut.

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Method 1: In Maine

On the northeastern tip of the United States and sharing a border with Canada to the north, Maine's history is entwined with the sea. Lighthouses dot its rocky coast, speaking of its deep connection to the North Atlantic.

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    Victoria Mansion, Portland
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    Victoria Mansion stands as one of the best examples of the Italian Villa style in the United States, and when it was constructed between the years of 1858 and 1860, it was ahead of its time in many ways. It had many of the comforts that we take for granted today, such as hot and cold running water, flushing toilets, a lighting system (gas), as well as comforts still sought after today, such as wall to wall carpeting and central heating. This perfectly preserved mansion has been carefully restored as closely as possible to what it looked like in 1860.
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    Winslow Homer Studio, Prouts Neck
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    Renowned American painter, Winslow Homer (1836-1910) fell in love with Prouts Neck, Maine, when he visited the town with his family in the 1870's. He loved it so much, that he moved there from New York in the early 1880's and commissioned architect John Calvin Stevens to build a home for him out of an old carriage house. Homer settled down there and painted many of his masterpieces there, painting the rocky Maine coast, until his death in 1910. The house contains many of Homer's works, plus photographs, furniture, and memorabilia from his time. You can take guided tours of his studio where you will learn more about the artist, his life, and his work.
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  3. 3
    Spring Point Ledge Lighthouse, South Portland
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    The Spring Point Ledge Lighthouse was constructed in 1897, after years of ships wrecking on the ledge that ran from the shore and into the shipping lanes. As maritime traffic continued to grow through the 1800's, more and more ships ran afoul of the ledge, and finally, the steamship companies mounted a powerful effort to get a lighthouse approved by the local government. The lighthouse still functions today under the care of the United States Coastguard and remains the only working caisson-style lighthouse that you can reach by foot.
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  4. 4
    Kennebec Arsenal, Augusta
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    This arsenal was built in 1828 to protect the state's borders from New Brunswick following the War of 1812. Providing munitions for the Civil War and the Mexican-American War, the arsenal operated until 1901 when it was shut down. The site was picked up by The Maine State Hospital (Augusta Mental Health Institute), and the Arsenal was turned into a sanatorium, which operated until 2004. As a sanitorium, the Kennebec Arsenal has a dark history. As many as 11,647 people perished while staying there. After 2004, a company purchased the property with plans to improve it, but there are strict guidelines that must be followed. It is one of the best examples of 19th-century arsenals in the United States.
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  5. 5
    Portland Observatory, Portland
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    Standing seven stories tall, the Portland Observatory was constructed in 1807 to let shipowners know when their vessels were returning from the sea. Guided tours take you up to the top of the Observatory where you can get stunning 360 degree views of the city and the harbor. If you're there from between the middle of July and the end of August, the Observatory hosts special sunset tours every Thursday night where you can see the sun setting over the beautiful Casco Bay.
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    Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village, New Gloucester
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    Home to the last congregation of Shakers left in the world, Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village is an 1,800 acre compound of farms, historical buildings, and forests where the modern Shakers live and continue to worship as their ancestors did. Many buildings on the lands date back to the 1780's, and the friendly residents are happy to share their history through education, craft workshops, and more. The Shakers are known best for their simple style of furniture and crafts, which is still popular in many modern homes; however, they also invented innovations such as the circular saw blade, flat broom, and chair tilter buttons.
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    Fort Knox, Prospect
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    Built between the years 1844 through 1869 and named after America's first Secretary of War, Major General Henry Knox, the fort's purpose was to guard against a British attack from New Brunswick, Canada. Following the War of 1812, there had been some skirmishes between the British and the Americans along Maine's border over the years, and the United States wanted to better protect its borders. Fort Knox is a well-preserved slice of history from 19th century America. The fort itself open from May 1st to October 31st, while the grounds remain open all year around. Inside the fort, you can access the Penobscot Narrows Bridge, which includes an observation tower that rises 420 feet into the sky.
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    James G Blaine House, Augusta
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    The venerable Blaine House was built in 1833 and sold to James G. Blaine, who bought it for his wife, Harriet. Upon the death of her grandson, Walker Blaine Beale who was killed in action during World War I, Harriet Blaine Beale donated the house to the State of Maine to serve as its Governor's Residence. Governor Carl E. Milliken was the first governor to live there, and in 1920 he had the architectural firm of Olmsted Brothers design the grounds. Every Maine governor since that time has lived in the house with his family, including current Maine governor, Paul R. LePage with his First Lady Ann LePage.
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    Neal Dow House, Portland
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    Neal Dow House was the home of Neal S. Dow, a military general and Republican political leader. Dow also has a strong history as an abolitionist and a temperance advocate. In fact, he authored the "Maine Law," which prohibited the sale and consumption of alcohol in the state decades before Prohibition in the 1920's. The home, which was built in 1829, is now a museum to the memory of Neal Dow and his support of the abolishment of slavery as well as an advocate of the temperance movement. It is also the home of the Maine Woman's Christian Temperance Union.
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    Eagle Island, South Harpswell
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    Eagle Island was the home of Robert E. Peary, the first and only man to ever reach the North Pole, which he did in 1909. The unique house he built on the island features a room that's designed to feel like the wheelhouse of a ship with beautiful views all around. The Maine Bureau of Parks and Lands manages the estate and keeps it perfectly preserved. Follow the hiking trails around the island, and you can traverse its entirety in one hour while you take its picturesque grounds, and be sure to take a tour of Peary's home.
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    Fort Halifax, Winslow
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    Established in 1754 by Major-General John Winslow to defend against incursion by the French from the North, it represents the oldest blockhouse in America. It originally had two blockhouses, a barracks, and the main building, but only the blockhouse remains.
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    Hamilton House, South Berwick
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    This beautiful Georgian mansion and its grounds survey the surrounding countryside from high atop a hill. Built in 1785, it was the home of Jonathan Hamilton, a shipping merchant. It later became the residence of Emily Tyson and her stepdaughter. The house and its grounds serve as a carefully preserved Colonial-Revival estate, which you can view as well as have a picnic in the beautiful garden as you watch the river flow by.
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    Old York Village, Old York
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    Old York Village is a town center made up of historic buildings that date back to Colonial times. Settled in 1624, it received a royal charter in 1639 and was the first English town to receive that honor. Enjoy the "costumed interpreters" that make history come to life before you as you walk through this quaint little township. Preserved by the Old York Historical Society, It includes the following buildings:
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    1. Old Gaol. The oldest jail in Maine, and possibly the United States, it was built in the early 1700's.
    2. Emerson-Wilcox House. A home built in 1740.
    3. Jefferds Tavern. A tavern built in 1750, which sits across from Emerson-Wilcox House
    4. Old School House. This place of learning was built in 1745 and sits next to the tavern.
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    Wadsworth-Longfellow House, Portland
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    Wadsworth-Longfellow House was the home where Henry Wadsworth-Longfellow grew up. The house was built by General Peleg Wadsworth In 1785 to 1786 and Anne Longfellow-Pierce, Henry's younger sister lived there until her death in 1901. After that, the house passed to the main historical society to preserve the memory of Henry.
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    Tate House
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    House was the home of Captain George Tate who served as the Senior Mast Agent in the British Royal Navy. It was his job to oversee the production of white pine lumber to ship back to England. The home was built in 1750 and is the only pre-revolutionary war home in Maine that is open to the public
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Method 2: In Vermont

Vermont is a small state with a picturesque countryside of covered bridges and tall steepled churches. It boasts having the earliest constitution, ratified long before it was admitted to the Union as a state, and was the site of major battles during the Revolutionary War.

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    Chimney Point State Historic Site, Addison
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    Nestled on the shores of Lake Champlain, this site celebrates the 9000-year history of human habitation of this region. In a tavern that was built around 1785 resides the museum which offers a display of Native American artifacts going back thousands of years, and more recently, French Colonial and early American furniture and décor. In the tavern is also an old tap room and a post office circa 1905.
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    Old Constitution House, Windsor
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    The Old Constitution House is the place where the original Vermont constitution was drafted. It governed the Republic of Vermont until it became a state. It was notable for being the first constitution in America to outlaw slavery, ratify universal suffrage for all men, regardless of whether or not they owned property, and created a public school system.
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  3. 3
    Mount Independence, Orwell
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    Originally a fortification against French invasion from the North, this site was renamed Mount Independence after the American Colonies declared independence from Britain in July 1776. American troops were stationed there until July 1777, when British General Burgoyne routed them and took over the position. After Burgoyne had lost the Battle of Saratoga in November 1777, he ordered his troops to raise the buildings before they retreated to Canada. Hiking trails through the site lead you on an exploration of the ruins and tell the story of what life was like for the soldiers who lived, worked, and died there.
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    Round Church, Richmond
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    The Round Church was built in 1812-1813 to serve the congregations of five separate Protestant denominations. It is perhaps the only example of an early 19th-century 16-sided meeting house that is so well-preserved. It is open to the public during the summer and fall and is available for weddings and other events.
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    Bennington Battle Monument, Bennington
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    This 306-foot tall obelisk was completed in 1891 and is dedicated to the memory of the Battle of Bennington, which occurred in August of 1777. The Battle of Bennington was a key element in eventually securing victory for the Americans in their fight for independence from Britain. It is open every day from about the middle of April until Halloween.
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    Calvin Coolidge Historic District, Plymouth Notch
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    This site preserves the flavor and history the era in which the 30th President of the United States, Calvin Coolidge was born and raised. Coolidge's family homestead is here, as well as the neighboring homes, general store, church, and cheese factory.
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    Lake Champlain Underwater Preserves, Lake Champlain
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    If you are a diver, the State of Vermont has preserved seven shipwrecks in the waters of Lake Champlain for you to dive to. Get coordinates to each wreck from the Historic Sites Department with instructions on how to reach them, as well as dive difficulty ratings among other things.
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    Hubbardton Battlefield, Hubbardton
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    This site commemorates an important skirmish in defeating the British at Saratoga in July of 1777. Although the Americans were outnumbered, the stalwart soldiers took a stand and were able to stifle the Redcoats' advance.
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    Covered Bridges
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    Like images out of a picture-postcard, quaint covered bridges dot the Vermont countryside, connecting roadways over streams and rivers. There are more than 100 of these structures in Vermont and some date back to 1820.
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    Robert Frost Farm, Ripton
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    This 150-acre property was Frost's main residence, and he penned many of his famous writings while living there. He became Vermont's poet laureate and is well-beloved by Vermonters; this historic site preserves his memory. Walk in his footsteps as you meander through the property and experience Vermont as he did.
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    Shelburne Museum, Shelburne
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    Founded by Electra Havemeyer Webb, Shelburne Museum collects and preserves pieces of early American history. From historic buildings that have been moved to the museum grounds, to duck decoys dolls, and much more, Shelburne Museum is a walking history exhibit for early American life in New England. The highlights include the Steamboat Ticonderoga, which was built in Shelburne in 1906. The ship served ports along the Vermont and New York shores until it was decommissioned in 1953. After that, it was moved overland to Shelburne where it is now on exhibit.
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    Adams Family Farm, Wilmington
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    The Adams Family Farm has been operating as a family-run enterprise since 1865. It remains a working farm under the ownership of Christopher Adams, a fifth generation family farmer. Buy locally grown meat, eggs, and maple syrup at the farm store and take part in the many seasonal activities hosted on the property throughout the year. Activities include horseback riding, wagon rides, fishing, pony rides, and farm-to-table BBQs.
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    Old First Congregational Church, Bennington
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    This historic church building is the meeting place of the First Congregation of Protestants, the first in the region. Although the congregation was "gathered" in 1762, the church building was not built until 1805. The importance of this church in American and Vermont history is that it was the first that reflected the American notion of separation of church and state. The building has been kept up by the Church organization alone with no government assistance or interference.
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    The Rokeby Museum, Ferrisburgh
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    With structures dating back to the 1780's, The Rokeby Museum preserves the history of the land and the buildings on it, particularly as it relates to the Underground Railroad, which brought freed slaves up from the South to where they could be safe and free.
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    Stellafane Observatory, Springfield
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    Built as a meeting place for the telescope and astronomy nerds in 1924, modern versions of these nerds still meet there every year.
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Method 3: In Connecticut

Connecticut has been the home to artists, artisans, authors, and industrialists. Like Maine and other New England states, it has a strong connection to the ocean and to the whaling industry.

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    Mystic Seaport
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    Connecticut, like other New England states, has a rich maritime history, and that's what Mystic Seaport is all about. From preserving historic vessels that you can board and see first hand and see how the men who worked aboard these ships lived, to the beautiful village itself with its taverns, inns, and shops. A notable exhibit is the Charles W. Morgan, which is the last of a fleet of 2,700 wooden whaling vessels.
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    Gillette Castle State Park, East Haddam
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    Gilette Castle is the brainchild of William Hooker Gillette, an actor, and playwright. Built to resemble a crumbling medieval castle, the interior is beautifully appointed with impressive woodcarvings and built-in furniture. He designed the Castle and oversaw its construction himself, which took five years(1914-1919) and a crew of 25 men.
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  3. 3
    Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center, Mashantucket
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    Under tribal ownership since August 1998, the Mashantucket Pequot Museum seeks to preserve the history and traditions of the Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation. You'll learn about the tribe through interactive exhibits, video presentations, and collections of tribal artifacts found in the area.
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    Roseland Cottage, Woodstock
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    This beautiful mansion was built in 1846 in the then much sought-after Gothic Revival style. Designed and built by Henry Bowen, a successful businessman, the house served as a summer home for Bowen, his wife, Lucy, and their children. Carefully preserved to match how it appeared back in the day, Roseland Cottage is a perfect example of Victorian era architecture and home décor.
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    Mark Twain and Harriet Beecher Stowe Houses, Hartford
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    Famed author Mark Twain and renowned abolitionist and author Harriet Beecher Stowe were contemporaries and neighbors in the posh enclave of Nook Farm, a neighborhood in Hartford, Connecticut. Both houses are open to the public and showcase the lives of the two authors.
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  6. 6
    Fort Griswold Battlefield State Park, Groton
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    This Revolutionary War historic site commemorates the day in 1781 when the Redcoats, under the command of traitor Benedict Arnold captured the fort and slaughtered 88 American soldiers. The building where the wounded were taken has been restored, and a museum there tells the story of what happened that day.
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    Nathan Hale Homestead, Coventry
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    This Georgian mansion was built in 1776 was the home of Nathan Hale, the American patriot, and spy who, when captured by the British is reported to have said: "My only regret is that I have but one life to give for my country."
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    Keeler Tavern Museum, Ridgefield
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    See the cannonball fired on the Inn by British troops during the Battle of Ridgefield, which is still lodged in a corner post of this storied building. The structure dates back to 1713 and has in one way or another remained with the Keeler family who operated it through the middle 1800's. It changed hands a few times after that, finally winding up in the hands of the Keeler Tavern Preservation Society which opened the Keeler Tavern Museum in 1966.
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    Old State House, Hartford
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    Learn about the founding of Connecticut and how its government was formed from the pre-revolutionary times to the present. After the presentation, you can explore the building and see a two-headed calf and Mark Twain's bicycle among other exhibits.
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    Hill-Stead Museum, Farmington
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    This museum is housed in a traditional Colonial Revival house and is filled with the art collection of the Pope family, which owned the estate originally. Its claim to fame is its large collection of French Impressionist paintings.
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    Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford
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    In 1842, Daniel Wadsworth sought to create an art gallery to display paintings and other art, but he ended up calling it an "atheneum" a popular term at the time which meant a place devoted to learning about history, literature, art, and science. It houses almost 50,000 works and includes a stunning collection of Hudson River landscapes.
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    Weir Farm National Historic Site, Branchville
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    Artist Julian Weir received the 153-acre farm in trade for one of his paintings and made it his primary residence until his death in 1919. His farm is a refuge for artists to study, practice, and become inspired by the woodland around them. Take part in a guided tour of the buildings and grounds of the farms or free your creativity and make some art yourself.
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    Old Newgate Prison, East Granby
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    It was originally a copper mine when it was first established in the early 1700's, but during the Revolutionary War, it became a prison for loyalists. It was the first state prison in America and also housed Confederate prisoners during the Civil War.
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    Connecticut State Capitol, Hartford
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    Learn about the business of government at the seat of Connecticut's State Legislature. Take a guided tour through the building and learn about its history as well as the process for making laws in the state.
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    Rochambeau's Route
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    Follow the path of our French allies as they marched through Connecticut to meet General George Washington in 1781 for the assault on Yorktown.
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Categories : Travel & Leisure

Recent edits by: Maria, Kathy McGraw

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