Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two In Arkansas vs Louisiana

Edited by Kathy McGraw

Along with Oklahoma and Texas, Arkansas and Louisiana form the region known as the West South Central region of the United States. Like Texas and Oklahoma, the expansionist spirit of the fledgling nation permeates the history of these states, although still with that syrupy southern charm.

Was this helpful? Yes | No
Ad

Method 1: In Arkansas

In Arkansas 77787.jpg

Arkansas was part of the land acquired by the United States in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. As such, it was among the earliest settlements in the western frontier, although it also has strong southern roots and seceded from the Union along with the other Confederate States in the Civil War.

Was this helpful? Yes | No
  1. 1
    Toltec Mounds Archaeological State Park
    .
    There are 18 Toltec Mounds on this property, the tallest in the state of Arkansas. The mounds date back to 1050 CE and were discovered by the property owner. The site has since been of great interest to archaeologists and historians.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 96321.jpg
    Advertisement
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  2. 2
    Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site
    .
    Little Rock Central High School was at the forefront of the fight to desegregate the schools during the civil rights movement. It was there than in 1957, the first African American students were allowed into what had formerly been a "whites only" high school. Federal troops escorted the nine students into the school, which had been barricaded against them by Governor Orval Faubus and the Arkansas National Guard.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 24785.jpg
    Advertisement
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  3. 3
    Old Main, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
    .
    Built from local materials, the venerable Old Main is a masterpiece of engineering and architectural beauty. It is the oldest University of Arkansas building, having been constructed between 1873 and 1875.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 95680.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  4. 4
    Lester and Haltom Number 1 Well Site, Ouachita County
    .
    Lester and Haltom No. 1 is the first oil well in Arkansas to actually produce the black gold. It "blew" on April 20, 1920, years after the first oil well was drilled back in the state back in 1887.
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  5. 5
    Arkansas Post National Memorial, near Pine Bluff
    .
    Although you may not think of Arkansas when you think about the American Revolution, an important Revolutionary War battle occurred there. Arkansas belonged to the French and then later, the Spanish following the French and Indian War in the middle 18th century. The Spanish sided with the American colonists, and on April 17, 1783, the last battle of the American Revolution was fought there when the British attacked the fort.
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  6. 6
    Bathhouse Row Historic District
    .
    Built on top of the hot springs that flow through the area, these bathhouses were built so that people could enjoy the therapeutic benefits of the hot mineral waters. They have been restored to their original appearance and function and are open to the public.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 40005.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  7. 7
    Judge Isaac C Parker Federal Building and US Courthouse, Fort Smith
    .
    It was in this location that the famed Judge Issac C. Parker sentenced many criminals to be executed by hanging. You can see the courtroom where he made his rulings and even the gallows outside where the men were hung.
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  8. 8
    Arkansas Air Museum, Lafayette
    .
    See vintage aircraft from the 1920's and 1930's in this 1940's aircraft hangar that has been converted into a museum. See everything from racing planes from the 1930's to biplanes in this treat for lovers of the history of flight.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 64432.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  9. 9
    Hot Springs National Park
    .
    The Hotsprings National Park was established in 1921, but long before that, the Native peoples believed the hot mineral water to have healing properties. Over the years, people have journeyed to the region to take advantage of the healing waters. The Bathhouse Row Historic District is part of this park.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 49463.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  10. 10
    Fort Smith National Historic Site
    .
    Fort Smith served as an important western frontier fort, originally established in in 1817 to keep the peace between the warring Cherokee and Osage tribes. During the Civil War, it was briefly occupied by the Confederates before being retaken by the Union and after that served as the base of operations for Judge Issac Parker, the famous Hanging Judge.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 69804.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  11. 11
    Battle of Cane Hill, off Highway 45
    .
    The Battle of Cane Hill occurred in November of 1862, when Union forces led by Brigadier General James G. Blunt, clashed with Confederate forces led by Colonel Jo Shelby and Brigadier General John S. Marmaduke. Roving over hills and valleys, the two sides fought a protracted battle, a battle that lasted much longer than it should have given that the Union troops outnumbered the Confederates by a good number.
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  12. 12
    Crater of Diamonds State Park, near Murfreesboro
    .
    One of the few diamond mines in the United States, it was opened in 1906 and has extracted more than 70,000 diamonds from the earth. It is the only such mine in the United States that is open to the public.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 43826.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No

Method 2: In Louisiana

In Lousiana 92310.jpg

Louisiana was part of the large tract of land that the French sold to the Americans in 1803. Having first been a French colony, the state, and especially its signature city, New Orleans, retain a strong French flavor. The Acadian people from what is now northeastern Canada who migrated there also have had an enormous impact on the culture of the state.

Was this helpful? Yes | No
  1. 1
    New Orleans Pharmacy Museum
    .
    Back in the days before modern medical training, pharmacists made their own medicines mostly by guesswork and what they had learned from other pharmacists. This museum explores the history of that time, featuring hand-blown glass jars with various medicines, odd surgical tools, and other relics of that long-ago time.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 90688.jpg
    Advertisement
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  2. 2
    New Orleans French Quarter
    .
    When you picture New Orleans, the French Quarter is probably what you think about. It is one of the oldest sections of this venerable city, and Louisiana's French Creole heritage shines there. Don't be in a hurry when you go, for life is very laid back and the food is delicious.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 88097.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  3. 3
    Old State Capitol, Baton Rouge
    .
    Built in the Gothic Revival style, the Old State Capitol Building is beautiful throughout. It resembles a castle, complete with towers and a crenelated roof. Inside is a museum where you can see artifacts and learn more about Louisiana history.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 81989.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  4. 4
    Vermillionville, Lafayette
    .
    Vermillionville is a living history exhibit showcasing the culture and crafts of the Acadian people who settled in what is now the state of Louisiana. Costumed interpreters perform tasks as the Acadians did back in the 18th and 19th centuries and conduct presentations into how the Acadians lived and their history. You can also see arts and crafts from that period on display as well.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 84827.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  5. 5
    Saint Charles Streetcar Line
    .
    The St. Charles Street Car line runs for seven miles through the most picturesque parts of New Orleans. It is the oldest electric streetcar line in the city and runs through the center of St. Charles Avenue for the most part.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 70564.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  6. 6
    Chalmette Battlefield, Chalmette
    .
    Chalmette Battlefield was the site of the Battle of New Orleans in the War of 1812. In that famed battle, General Andrew Jackson, who later became President of the United States, defeated the British after a long battle on January 8, 1815
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 61143.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  7. 7
    Melrose Plantation, Natchitoches
    .
    Melrose Plantation is significant because it was owned by the freed slaves, Marie Therese and Claude Thomas Pierre Metoyer. The home was built in the 1790's in the West Indies Creole style.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 10678.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  8. 8
    Houmas House, Darrow
    .
    Experience life the antebellum south by taking a tour of the former "Sugar Palace. " The tour sizes are kept purposely small and where visitors are treated more like houseguests than anything else.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 78575.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  9. 9
    USS Kidd and Veterans Memorial, Baton Rouge
    .
    The USS Kidd is a World War II era destroyer that served in the Atlantic, Pacific, and in the Caribbean. It is open for touring and retains its classic World War II appearance. On the same grounds is also a World War II Veterans Memorial.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 83993.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  10. 10
    Poverty Point, near Delhi
    .
    The North American continent existed long before it was "discovered" by the Europeans, and Poverty Point represents one of the most significant archaeological finds of the ancient civilizations that lived there long ago. It consists of a ceremonial earthworks site from the Late Archaic period, roughly 4000 to 2500 BP.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 11352.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  11. 11
    Saint Martin de Tours Catholic Church, Saint Martinville
    .
    Although the Catholic Church of St. Martin was established in 1765, the existing building dates back to 1836. Inside, you will find a replica of the Grotto of Lourdes, which was built in 1883, and the grave of Emmeline Labiche, who many thought to be the heroine of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's "Evangeline."
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 89650.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
  12. 12
    Laura Plantation, Vacherie
    .
    Laura Plantation was a sugarcane plantation in antebellum Louisiana. The home was built in 1805 and is modeled after the Creole style. Along with the main house, you can explore the outbuildings and see how a sugar cane plantation worked back then.
    Best Historic Sites in the West South Central States Part Two 89305.jpg
    Was this step helpful? Yes | No
    Advertisement

If you have problems with any of the steps in this article, please post in the comments section below.

Comments

VisiHow welcomes all comments. If you do not want to be anonymous, register or log in. It is free.

Article Info

Categories : Travel & Leisure

Share this Article:

Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 27 times.